France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories augment French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a collect area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and public notice centre. further major urban areas affix Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the start of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The concurrence of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European knack in the tardy middle Ages, similar to its victory in the Hundred Years’ lawsuit (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars in the company of Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military talent in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French mayhem overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of avant-garde history’s archaic republics and drafting the upholding of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capacity and established the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. behind the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous concurrence of governments culminating in imitation of the start of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World skirmish I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World proceedings II, but came below motion by the Axis powers in 1940. in the manner of liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was received and difficult dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the additional colonies became independent in the 1960s, when most retaining close economic and military links subsequently France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World descent Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving concerning 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country in the manner of the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capacity parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs skillfully in international rankings of education, health care, vigor expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good capacity in global affairs, being one of the five unshakable members of the united Nations Security Council past the gift to veto and an certified nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading aficionada declare of the European grip and the Eurozone, and a advocate of the activity of 7, North Atlantic unity paperwork (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and increase (OECD), the World Trade dispensation (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of somme michelin somme map viamichelin map of somme detailed map of somme are you looking for the map of somme find any address on the map of somme or calculate your itinerary to and from somme find all the tourist attractions and michelin guide restaurants in somme somme map detailed maps for the city of somme viamichelin map of somme detailed map of somme are you looking for the map of somme find any address on the map of somme or calculate your itinerary to and from somme find all the tourist attractions and michelin guide restaurants in somme somme map france google satellite maps welcome to the somme google satellite map this place is situated in vierzon cher centre france its geographical coordinates are 47 7 0 north 2 13 0 east and its original name with diacritics is somme the somme and the great war world war one battlefields the department of the somme lies in the picardy region of northern france see the travelling to the somme page for information on how to get there and staying in the somme for where to stay somme region map abbeville peronne france google browse somme france google maps gazetteer browse the most comprehensive and up to date online directory of administrative regions in france regions are sorted in alphabetical order from level 1 to level 2 and eventually up to level 3 regions the somme battlefields of ww1 france greatwar co uk the somme battlefields of ww1 france the 1914 1918 battlefields of the somme are located in the beautiful rural landscape of the region of picardy and the departement de la somme the river somme flows through the vallee de la haute somme upper somme valley in the east of the departement bbc history world wars animated map battle of the somme the battle of the somme was one of the most significant campaigns of world war one as the allied forces attempted to break through the german front line in northern france 1916 this interactive the battlefield of the somme google my maps the map shows the locations of a few of the around 250 memorials and cemeteries that mark the battle of the somme the major interest is usually with the battle in 1916 but in 1918 the americans map of france departments regions cities france map map of france cities map france cities map of france key data administrative divisions france is divided into 27 regions 101 departments 343 districts arrondissements 4 058 townships cantons and 36 699 towns communes battle of the somme wikipedia the battle of the somme also known as the somme offensive was a battle of the first world war fought by the armies of the british empire and french third republic against the german empire