Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated upon the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory as a consequence includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera create Spain the deserted European country to have a visceral link up similar to an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are after that share of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small estate boundary in the same way as Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the niche of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; other major urban areas combine Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula something like 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along once ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came under Roman announce roughly speaking 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician name Sp(a)n or Spania. At the stop of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and customary relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly join all enduring independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was then documented as Hispania.
In the ahead of time eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to rule most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving behind solitary a handful of little Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering epoch across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the instigation of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to point of view the invasion. following the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs.
In the in the future highly developed period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving behind a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken original language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were furthermore many advancements in the arts, as soon as world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most renowned Spanish school work, Don Quixote, was afterward published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World extraction Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, when King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a tall income country, later the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing gift parity. It is a aficionado of the associated Nations (UN), the European grip (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the running of Ibero-American States (OEI), the linkage for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic concurrence management (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and take forward (OECD), doling out for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade dispensation (WTO) and many additional international organisations. even if not an official member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto aficionado of the group.
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map of south west spain europeplaces eu zoom out the map by clicking on it in the south west corner of spain and on the coast of the atlantic just across from africa visitors go here to experience some of the best beaches culture and best places to visit in the country map of mid west south spain europeplaces eu zoom out the map by clicking on it in the south of spain and on the coast both the atlantic just across from africa visitors go here to experience some of the best beaches culture and places to visit in the country 10 top destinations in southern spain with photos map andalusia is an autonomous community that covers most of southern spain it has a diverse landscape with a long mediterranean coastline and its own mountain chain and is known to have the hottest average temperatures in europe the spanish costas map of the spanish costas from rhino as the south coast becomes the west coast and meets the atlantic ocean you will finally come to the costa de la luz it is situated in the province of cadiz and is a favourite haunt of wind and kite surfers due to the blustery conditions there costa del sol map spain map of costa del sol costa del sol map the coastal area of southern spain known as the costa del sol covers from the manilva municipality right through to nerja and it s characterised for being the chosen holiday destination by thousands of tourists all year round the regions and provinces of spain spanish web canary islands with islands el hierro gran canaria fuerteventura la gomera la palma lanzarote tenerife a group of islands approximately 1200km south west of spain with one of the best year round climates to be found anywhere map of spain lonelyplanet com map of spain and travel information about spain brought to you by lonely planet cadiz province travel information and spain holiday com it is located in the south west of spain between the andalusia atlantic and the portuguese algarve natural cadiz the relatively high population density of this region on andalusia s west coast hasn t affected the near virgin state of its lowlands the 20 best beaches in spain rough guides backed by shrub carpeted sand dunes this beach is one of the best beaches in spain as due to its location 12km south of alicante is far quieter and much more pleasant than those closer to the city south coast guide for the purposes of this guide we regard the southern region as consisting of the counties of dorset hampshire and west sussex plus jersey and guernsey the guide starts in the west at weymouth and travels eastwards along the coast past southampton and the isle of wight to finish at the twin towns of brighton and hove the south coast region offers the visitor a wide selection of seaside