Europe is a continent located unquestionably in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be separated from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies visceral geography, the home attach is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several time back its first conception in classical antiquity. The separation of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which adjust on a spectrum rather than considering a sharp dividing line. The geographic be next to in the middle of Europe and Asia does not follow any let in boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and allied Kingdom are also transcontinental in that the main ration is in Europe though pockets of their territory are located in other continents.
Europe covers practically 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of estate area). Politically, Europe is separated into very nearly fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of roughly 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. new from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration grow old marked the stop of ancient records and the start of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the innovative era. before the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. between the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various period the Americas, roughly speaking every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French revolution and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to campaigner economic, cultural and social alter in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most share in Europe, contributing to a decrease in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet devotion and the united States took prominence. During the frosty War, Europe was separated along the Iron Curtain with NATO in the West and the Warsaw agreement in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, as soon as a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, later the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. other European integration by some states led to the formation of the European sticking together (EU), a remove diplomatic entity that lies with a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward since the drop of the Soviet sticking together in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used along with Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes attach and immigration controls among most of its enthusiast states.
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balkans states map and information page worldatlas com extending to the south from central europe into the mediterranean sea the balkan peninsula colored dark gray in the map above includes the countries of albania bosnia herzegovina bulgaria croatia greece macedonia montenegro romania serbia slovenia and the geographical political region balkans map europe mapcarta the balkan peninsula in southeastern europe is located between the adriatic sea and the black sea the region has a mixed scenery with many tall mountain ranges as well as deep forests plains and rivers map of the balkans full size gifex see only image map of the balkans the balkans are one of the three peninsulas of southern europe but this traditional name is sometimes disputed in the absence of an isthmus geographers prefer the term region maps of balkans collection of maps of balkans europe the balkan peninsula or the balkans is a peninsula and a cultural area in southeast europe with different and disputed borders the region takes its name from the balkan mountains that stretch from the east of serbia to the black sea at the east of bulgaria maps of balkans map of europe in english maps of balkans all balkans countries on the maps detailed political relief road and other maps of balkan region balkans maps maps of the world southern europe and the balkans start studying maps of the world southern europe and the balkans learn vocabulary terms and more with flashcards games and other study tools southern europe political map free world maps southern europe is the name given to the region of europe that consists of the southern peninsulas of the continent the iberian peninsula comprising of spain and portugal the apennine peninsula which is the peninsula of italy and the balkan peninsula with several smaller countries political map of the balkan peninsula nations online project map is showing the balkans in southeastern europe an ancient region and since the breakup of yugoslavia in 1991 92 the site of 10 nations plus the european portion of turkey southern europe balkans flashcards and study sets quizlet learn southern europe balkans with free interactive flashcards choose from 500 different sets of southern europe balkans flashcards on quizlet balkans wikipedia in part due to the historical and political connotations of the term balkans especially since the military conflicts of the 1990s in yugoslavia in the western half of the region the term southeast europe is becoming increasingly popular