France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories insert French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a collective place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic as soon as its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and billboard centre. supplementary major urban areas count Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the beginning of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The harmony of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capacity in the late middle Ages, afterward its victory in the Hundred Years’ clash (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amid Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military skill in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French rebellion overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of open-minded history’s antediluvian republics and drafting the confirmation of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took facility and traditional the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. later than the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous appointment of governments culminating in the manner of the start of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World combat I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World fighting II, but came under endeavor by the Axis powers in 1940. bearing in mind liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was customary and well along dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the extra colonies became independent in the 1960s, next most retaining close economic and military connections afterward France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World descent Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving vis–vis 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country next the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing facility parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs with ease in international rankings of education, health care, vigor expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good facility in global affairs, inborn one of the five surviving members of the joined Nations Security Council once the talent to veto and an approved nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading advocate declare of the European sticking together and the Eurozone, and a supporter of the work of 7, North Atlantic settlement management (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and move on (OECD), the World Trade presidency (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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where is france where is france located in the world location of france on a map what is the capital of france located in the continent of europe france covers 640 427 square kilometers of land and 3 374 square kilometers of water making it the 43rd largest nation in the world with a total area of 643 801 square kilometers where is france located on the world map and travel map of where is france located on the world map and travel information where is france located on the world map find out where is france located the location map of france below highlights the geographical position of france within europe on the world map france map explore places and attractions on a detailed each of these individual regions departments and places on francethisway also has a more detailed map showing many of the highlights and places in that french region or near the selected destination france on a world map recana masana france location map world map france highlighted where is france world map france france on world map beginning french first lesson france location map where is france located reference com france is located in western europe and it borders the atlantic ocean to the west and the mediterranean to the south spain is the land to the south of france and multiple countries including germany are to the east map of france lonelyplanet com i want emails from lonely planet with travel and product information promotions advertisements third party offers and surveys i can unsubscribe any time using the unsubscribe link at the end of all emails map of france departments regions cities france map the department is the second level of administrative divisions on the map of france this division into departments is between the region and the district arrondissement france map geography of france map of france france today is a sophisticated powerhouse of architecture art cinema cuisine fashion literature music and wine its countless attractions enchanting culture and pastoral countryside attract more visitors than any other country on the planet