France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories attach French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a combine area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic taking into consideration its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and poster centre. supplementary major urban areas complement Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the introduction of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capacity in the tardy center Ages, later than its victory in the Hundred Years’ warfare (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars in the middle of Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capacity in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French rebellion overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of broadminded history’s primeval republics and drafting the declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took gift and usual the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. similar to the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating in the same way as the creation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World combat I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World stroke II, but came under pastime by the Axis powers in 1940. bearing in mind liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and innovative dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately all the new colonies became independent in the 1960s, like most retaining close economic and military associates as soon as France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World stock Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving going on for 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country like the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing knack parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs capably in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great skill in global affairs, subconscious one of the five enduring members of the joined Nations Security Council behind the capability to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading fanatic give access of the European linkage and the Eurozone, and a supporter of the activity of 7, North Atlantic concurrence direction (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and take forward (OECD), the World Trade running (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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war graves cemeteries of the ww1 somme battlefields france the communal cemetery contains 46 commonwealth burials of the first world war and 158 french war graves the extension contains 1 331 first world war commonwealth burials and two from the second world war there are also 18 german war graves in the extension the great war in france battlefields sites and monuments today the only sounds that disturb the fields and forests of much of northeast france are those of farm machinery and passing road traffic or in more bucolic locations birdsong the bells of grazing cattle and other traditional rural sounds australian battlefields of world war 1 france cemeteries vc corner the vc corner cemetery is unique amongst cemeteries of the region because it has no gravestones and contains only australians on the wall at the rear are the names of 1 299 australians who died in the battle and have no known grave british war graves war graves in france cems m o mailly wood cemetery photo by stephen john maing communal cemetery maison roland churchyard malleville les gres churchyard malo les bains communal cemetery find war dead and cemeteries search our records for find war dead our casualty database contains information about the 1 7 million men and women of the commonwealth forces who died during the two world wars first world war cemeteries map europe uk and republic of this map locates the 430 cemeteries in western europe the united kingdom and the republic of ireland which include graves or memorials for members of the new zealand expeditionary force who died during the first world war ww2 cemeteries brittany ferries whether you are visiting the graves of members of your family who are among the war dead in these cemeteries or are interested in this incredible moment in world history the war cemeteries in normandy are an astounding way of seeing first hand the scale of what happened in northern france during the summer of 1944 and the shocking death toll it wreaked on all the armed forces involved cemetery map cwgc blog explore the cwgc cemeteries and memorials in france where those commonwealth flying services personal who died during april 1917 are commemorated list of military cemeteries in normandy wikipedia german graves may also be found within these commonwealth war graves commission cemeteries bayeux fontenay le pesnel la delivrande ryes saint manvieu and tilly sur seulles polish edit grainville langannerie polish war cemetery is the only polish war cemetery in france and contains the graves of 650 polish soldiers killed during the battle of normandy