Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory after that includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera make Spain the deserted European country to have a monster be close to subsequent to an African country (Morocco). Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are as a consequence share of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary in the manner of Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; supplementary major urban areas insert Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula on the order of 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along behind ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came under Roman rule on the subject of 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician make known Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and established relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly join together every surviving independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was subsequently documented as Hispania.
In the before eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to pronounce most of the peninsula in the year 726, neglect by yourself a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting in the works to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering grow old across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the commencement of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to aim the invasion. bearing in mind the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country below the Catholic Monarchs.
In the ahead of time campaigner period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, neglect a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken original language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were plus many advancements in the arts, when world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most renowned Spanish learned work, Don Quixote, was next published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World lineage Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, once King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a tall allowance country, once the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing facility parity. It is a advocate of the joined Nations (UN), the European sticking together (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the meting out of Ibero-American States (OEI), the sticking together for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic settlement meting out (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and progress (OECD), presidency for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade handing out (WTO) and many other international organisations. though not an official member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto member of the group.
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canary islands map geography of canary islands map of upon franco s death in 1975 a pro independence movement formed and a democratic constitutional monarchy was established in spain resulting in the canaries autonomy located off of africa s northwestern coast the canary islands are one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world especially with europeans spain map large clear plus balearics canary bugbog best tourist season april october tho the coasts and islands are often fine and fairly warm in winter the north and mountains are cooler and marginally less crowded in the summer gran canaria maps canary islands spain map of gran about gran canaria autonomous community canary islands province las palmas area 600 sq mi 1 560 sq km population 840 000 largest cities las palmas canary islands map spain mapcarta the canary islands are an atlantic territory of spain off the coast of morocco and western sahara the canary archipelago consists of 8 inhabited islands and a few smaller uninhabited ones map of canary islands and spain and travel information map of map of canary islands and spain and travel information canary islands spain map and travel information download map of canary islands spain map and travel information map of canary islands hotels and attractions on a canary map of canary islands area hotels locate canary islands hotels on a map based on popularity price or availability and see tripadvisor reviews photos and deals tenerife maps canary islands spain map of tenerife about tenerife autonomous community canary islands province santa cruz de tenerife area 785 sq mi 2 034 sq km population 890 000 cities and resorts map of canary islands lonelyplanet com map of canary islands and travel information about canary islands brought to you by lonely planet canary islands wikipedia the canary islands k ə ˈ n ɛər i spanish islas canarias pronounced ˈizlas kaˈnaɾjas are a spanish archipelago and the southernmost autonomous community of spain located in the atlantic ocean 100 kilometres 62 miles west of morocco at the closest point