France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories add together French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a mass place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic subsequently its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and advertisement centre. supplementary major urban areas enhance Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the start of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The agreement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European power in the tardy center Ages, past its victory in the Hundred Years’ deed (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars along with Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capacity in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of militant history’s out of date republics and drafting the pronouncement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capacity and conventional the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. like the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous consent of governments culminating when the creation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World encounter I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World act II, but came below motion by the Axis powers in 1940. considering liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was usual and complex dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the new colonies became independent in the 1960s, later than most retaining close economic and military contacts subsequently France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World extraction Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving vis–vis 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country once the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing power parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs competently in international rankings of education, health care, spirit expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good capability in global affairs, living thing one of the five remaining members of the associated Nations Security Council considering the knack to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading devotee give access of the European bond and the Eurozone, and a supporter of the organization of 7, North Atlantic settlement presidency (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and evolve (OECD), the World Trade dealing out (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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interactive map of french railway network sncf reseau home our railway maps interactive map of french railway network interactive map of french railway network join us on social media france railways map and french train travel information france has an up to date rail system which includes abundant high speed rail lines using the rail map below you can find the major rail lines to plan your french vacation and get information on the rail passes available to the tourist in france rail map france trains in france happyrail rail map france all trains in france all high speed trains all night trains all intercity trains complete timetable rail times and fares easy and fast train france trains map pass timetables and fares overview france s high speed rail network also connects to neighboring countries all major french cities are connected by tgv the high speed train network which travels at speeds nearly 200 mph considering that france is the size of texas your destinations are now just a whirl away france rail map french train itineraries mapping france taking the train in france is convenient easy and now very very fast on most lines below is a map of the major rail lines in france france rail travel toolbox french railway network map about france com travel book french and european train tickets online for individual tickets about france com works with trainline com to bring you point to point tickets in france and europe for no extra fee no surcharge and full options including travel card holder discounts railway maps of france ferrocarta net select an area on the map of france to view a detailed map of that region by clicking on a blue city name you can access directly to a map of urban transport for that city it is possible to navigate from one map to the next by clicking on arrows along the edges of each map night trains are represented on a separate map night trains paris by train paris train maps tickets schedules how to use paris trains from paris airports rer b and metro subway paris trains with maps train tickets passes schedules routes for paris metro trains and paris rer trains in france plus detailed paris train station photo guides