France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories put in French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a cumulative area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic following its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and flyer centre. additional major urban areas add together Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the beginning of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The agreement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European aptitude in the tardy middle Ages, taking into account its victory in the Hundred Years’ dogfight (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars with Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military talent in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French rebellion overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of futuristic history’s early republics and drafting the assertion of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took talent and standard the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. in the same way as the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous consent of governments culminating gone the foundation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World charge I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World act II, but came under pastime by the Axis powers in 1940. when liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was time-honored and higher dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the extra colonies became independent in the 1960s, with most retaining near economic and military friends considering France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World descent Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving approximately 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country in the same way as the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capacity parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs capably in international rankings of education, health care, moving picture expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great talent in global affairs, living thing one of the five permanent members of the allied Nations Security Council taking into consideration the gift to veto and an attributed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading aficionada permit of the European union and the Eurozone, and a supporter of the work of 7, North Atlantic agreement paperwork (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and build up (OECD), the World Trade government (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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tour de france 2019 stage by stage guide route map the final alpine stage is another brutal one with the huge 33 4km drag up to val thorens to finish once again above 2 000m for the third time in this tour something never done before tour de france final stage 2019 when and where is stage tour de france final stage 2019 when and where is stage 21 route and map tour de france 2019 is approaching a conclusion but where does stage 21 take place and when does the race finish official route of tour de france 2019 map the 2019 tour will go through two countries belgium and france it will visit the three belgian regions bruxelles capitale flanders and wallonia and 37 departments of france tour de france 2019 route map stage profiles dates and tour de france 2019 route map stage profiles dates and distance the 2019 tour de france will begin in belgium on 6 july here s what you need to know about all the sages from distance to tour de france 2019 route day by day breakdown maps tour de france 2019 route day by day breakdown maps profile final kilometre of every stage the 2019 tour de france route looks high and hard with a crucial summit in the opening week tour de france 2019 route and stage analysis bikeradar a stage by stage breakdown of the official tour de france route for 2019 including profiles detailed descriptions and which riders to watch tour de france 2018 route stage 21 houilles paris sunday 29 july 2018 edition 105 of the tour de france bids farewell with a traditional flat route at 116 kilometres stage 21 travels from houilles to paris to conclude with eight laps on the champs elysees tour de france 2017 route stage 21 montgeron paris sunday 23 july 2017 edition 104 of the tour de france bids farewell with a 103 kilometres route stage 21 travels from montgeron to paris to conclude with eight laps on the champs elysees the tour de france 2019 in english route and map it is also being billed as the highest tour de france ever with most of the route taking riders through the upland areas of southern france see stage details below tour de france route map by about france com tour de france 2020 route what can we expect from the tour de france 2020 route stage two profile stage two will be a major departure from the traditional opening of the tour heading to the mountains on only the second day