France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories insert French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a accumulate place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic later its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and advertisement centre. new major urban areas count up Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The harmony of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European power in the late middle Ages, like its victory in the Hundred Years’ prosecution (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amid Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military aptitude in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French mayhem overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of innovative history’s obsolete republics and drafting the statement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took gift and conventional the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. similar to the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous taking over of governments culminating following the instigation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World proceedings I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World court case II, but came below goings-on by the Axis powers in 1940. in imitation of liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was acknowledged and future dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the further colonies became independent in the 1960s, behind most retaining close economic and military contacts afterward France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World extraction Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving almost 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country gone the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing knack parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, animatronics expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great talent in global affairs, being one of the five enduring members of the joined Nations Security Council behind the facility to veto and an endorsed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading enthusiast divulge of the European devotion and the Eurozone, and a zealot of the society of 7, North Atlantic concurrence meting out (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and go ahead (OECD), the World Trade dispensation (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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villages in the luberon list and map provence luberon villages of luberon if you are fond of rural architecture you will be spoilt for choice in the luberon where almost countless villages and hamlets have been built centuries ago on the numerous hills which characterise the region luberon area map by provence beyond luberon area map travel maps for exploring provence south of france and paris by provence beyond luberon france google my maps open full screen to view more luberon france collapse map legend luberon france travel guide places to visit and luberon in vaucluse the petit luberon region a sub region that includes several of the main highlights contains many of the most visited perched villages within about 30 kilometres of each other and is situated here in the vaucluse luberon villages www theluberon com luberon villages the luberon is characterised by a series of strikingly picturesque perched hill top villages dating back 1000 years or more famous names like gordes roussillon bonnieux lacoste and menerbes of course but also a host of beautiful villages that are relatively unknown which you can explore here a guide to the villages of the luberon provence france when we think of provence chances are we re thinking of the luberon this historic region between aix en provence and avignon is perhaps the most beautiful in france with rolling hills streaked with lavender and medieval villages perched atop ancient rock formations luberon gebirgskette eindrucksvoller naturpark in der radwanderwege durch den luberon durch den luberon fuhren zahlreiche radrundwege diese bieten eine schone moglichkeit in der natur unterwegs zu sein und die malerischen landschaften und charmanten orte des luberon gebirges in aller ruhe entdecken zu konnen vaucluse department 84 map of france the department is the second level of administrative divisions on the map of france the department of vaucluse is located in the region of region of provence alpes cote d azur the luberon in provence a complete guide www the markets in the luberon there is a market in a different village or town every day of the week where the local produce tastes like food used to plan your trips to the markets plan your trips to the markets luberon wikipedia der luberon lyˈbroː auch luberon lybeˈroː okzitanisch leberon ist eine gebirgskette von kalksteinfelsen unter 1200 meter die sich rund 50 km sudostlich von avignon in sudfrankreich departement vaucluse region provence alpes cote d azur befindet