France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories combine French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a summative area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic in the same way as its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and billboard centre. supplementary major urban areas tally up Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the coming on of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The settlement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European facility in the tardy center Ages, afterward its victory in the Hundred Years’ achievement (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amongst Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military knack in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of unbiased history’s out of date republics and drafting the pronouncement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capacity and customary the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. bearing in mind the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous appointment of governments culminating taking into consideration the introduction of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World exploit I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World court case II, but came below endeavor by the Axis powers in 1940. once liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was traditional and complex dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately all the extra colonies became independent in the 1960s, similar to most retaining close economic and military friends considering France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World line Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving not far off from 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country later than the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing skill parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs capably in international rankings of education, health care, cartoon expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great skill in global affairs, creature one of the five long-lasting members of the joined Nations Security Council in the same way as the talent to veto and an ascribed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading believer welcome of the European union and the Eurozone, and a supporter of the charity of 7, North Atlantic harmony doling out (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and enhance (OECD), the World Trade handing out (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of the south of france with full french riviera map south of france the south of france is often referred to as le midi and includes the wonderful area of provence and of course the french riviera or cote d azur the centre of provence is to be found around the areas of aix marseille and avignon whereas the riviera is the strip of coast around nice and cannes map of southern france region in france welt atlas de map of southern france region in france with cities locations streets rivers lakes mountains and landmarks the french coast and the beaches of france a guide the south coast of france is conveniently divided into two sections west of the rhone languedoc and east of the rhone provence riviera languedoc offers mile upon mile of sandy seashores though the mediterranean being non tidal these sandy beaches are not generally as broad as those of the atlantic coast south of france map coast kameroperafestival map of south france euro trip in 2019 france map south of map of france plan your holiday in france with gite com south of france travel france travel france map antibes france ports cute map of south france coast diamant ltd com map of south france euro trip in 2019 france map south of provence camping adventures from the guide to places to go in france south of france and provence france s mediterranean coast and the lands to its north includes the ancient regions of provence and languedoc the vivid colours of the region inspired generations of painters who lived here including van gogh cezanne renoir matisse and picasso french riviera map and guide tripsavvy com the french riviera starts with france s largest resort town nice just to the west of nice center is the nice cote d azur airport close to town and a convenient arrival point to visit tourist destinations in the area map of provence south coast of france the picturesque fishing village of cassis is one of many lovely towns in french region of provence south west of france map the map of south western france france travel guide france south west of france map the map of south western france with best places south west of france map the map of south western france with best places the south western france map see the detail of best places to see in south west of france partager cliquez pour partager sur twitter ouvre dans une nouvelle fenetre cliquez pour partager sur facebook ouvre the south of france an essential travel guide a short guide to le midi the south of france from the french riviera to the pyrenees its coast its beaches its mountains its heritage and other points of interest its coast its beaches its mountains its heritage and other points of interest south coast guide the south coast region offers the visitor a wide selection of seaside resorts with excellent facilities accommodation and attractions most of the resorts are easily accessible and offer a warm welcome to visitors to look for south coast seaside resorts hotels guest houses and cottages see the resort pages on the left