Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated upon the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory furthermore includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera create Spain the and no-one else European country to have a creature attach afterward an African country (Morocco). Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are as well as allocation of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a little home boundary in imitation of Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; new major urban areas complement Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula nearly 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along in imitation of ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman decide going on for 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based upon the earlier Phoenician broadcast Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and conventional relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly join all unshakable independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was after that documented as Hispania.
In the forward eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to rule most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving isolated a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting occurring to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering period across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the introduction of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to point of view the invasion. taking into account the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs.
In the before radical period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, neglect a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were as a consequence many advancements in the arts, subsequently world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most well-known Spanish bookish work, Don Quixote, was then published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World pedigree Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, considering King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a high income country, taking into account the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing skill parity. It is a member of the associated Nations (UN), the European union (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the direction of Ibero-American States (OEI), the union for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic concurrence running (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and enhancement (OECD), management for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade government (WTO) and many new international organisations. while not an endorsed member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in all summit, which makes Spain a de facto aficionado of the group.
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provinces of spain wikipedia a map of spain s provinces labelled with spanish castilian language names the table below lists the provinces of spain for each the capital city is given together with an indication of the autonomous community to which it belongs and a link to a list of municipalities in the province regions of spain map and guide tripsavvy com spain is made up of 17 autonomous regions as shown in the map above they are further divided into 50 provinces map of spain spain regions rough guides plan your trip around spain with interactive travel maps from rough guides use rough guides maps to explore all the regions of spain use rough guides maps to explore all the regions of spain from picture perfect villages nestled in the folds of mountains to extravagant architecture spain is a visual treat large detailed map of spain with cities and towns description this map shows cities towns resorts highways main roads secondary roads tracks railroads national parks hotels ski resorts and airports in spain spain regions map worldatlas com print this map note spain is divided into 17 autonomous regions or communities and the two autonomous cities of ceuta and melilla spanish enclaves in north africa spain autonomous communities map quiz game spain autonomous communities map quiz game many people do not realize that spanish is not the native language of everyone in spain that is because the country has many autonomous regions with their own languages such as galician basque and catalan in this free map quiz game you will learn how to identify the various autonomous communities giant map of spain tripsavvy spain s unique geography makes it one of europe s must see destinations get situated with this giant map of the country s cities and regions regions of spain map quiz jetpunk or it means you didn t know any of the regions of spain and picked one region to continuously click until you got it right clicking right past both sets of islands map of spain lonelyplanet com map of spain and travel information about spain brought to you by lonely planet google maps find local businesses view maps and get driving directions in google maps