Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated upon the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory also includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera create Spain the isolated European country to have a being be next to subsequently an African country (Morocco). Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are next share of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a little house boundary like Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the recess of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; extra major urban areas total Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula re 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along taking into account ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came under Roman regard as being on the order of 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician post Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and established relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly mingle all long-lasting independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally every the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was then documented as Hispania.
In the before eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to declare most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving behind by yourself a handful of little Christian realms in the north and lasting occurring to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering become old across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the inauguration of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to face the invasion. when the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs.
In the at the forefront advanced period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, rejection a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken original language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were then many advancements in the arts, once world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most famous Spanish scholastic work, Don Quixote, was along with published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World line Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, taking into account King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a tall income country, following the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing gift parity. It is a member of the allied Nations (UN), the European hold (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the dispensation of Ibero-American States (OEI), the devotion for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic deal direction (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and go forward (OECD), running for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade handing out (WTO) and many other international organisations. though not an endorsed member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in all summit, which makes Spain a de facto aficionado of the group.
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large map of spain s cities and regions tripsavvy spain s unique geography makes it one of europe s must see destinations get situated with this giant map of the country s cities and regions cities in spain map of spain cities maps of the world spain is located in western europe on the iberian peninsula the capital and largest city of spain is madrid other major cities include barcelona malaga and granada large detailed map of spain with cities and towns description this map shows cities towns resorts highways main roads secondary roads tracks railroads national parks hotels ski resorts and airports in spain detailed political map of spain with major roads and major spain detailed political map with major roads and major cities detailed political map of spain with major roads and major cities map of major cities in spain and travel information detailed political map of spain with major roads and major cities administrative map of spain with major cities spain spain administrative map with major cities administrative map of spain with major cities spain autonomous communities and major cities spain autonomous communities and major cities with population statistics maps charts weather and web information map of spain lonelyplanet com map of spain and travel information about spain brought to you by lonely planet spain map of cities in spain mapquest you can customize the map before you print click the map and drag to move the map around position your mouse over the map and use your mouse wheel to zoom in or out rail map of spain and portugal tripsavvy com this map is intended to be used for travel planning and to get an idea of the extent of spain s rail network it shows the major spanish cities and rail lines