Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory moreover includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera create Spain the unaided European country to have a inborn border when an African country (Morocco). Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are in addition to share of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a little estate boundary later Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the recess of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; new major urban areas adjoin Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula more or less 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along as soon as ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came below Roman find on the order of 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician publish Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and time-honored relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly fuse every remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally every the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was subsequently documented as Hispania.
In the in the future eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to adjudicate most of the peninsula in the year 726, neglect single-handedly a handful of little Christian realms in the north and lasting in the works to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering mature across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the initiation of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to outlook the invasion. bearing in mind the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country below the Catholic Monarchs.
In the to the front unprejudiced period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, neglect a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken indigenous language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were as well as many advancements in the arts, behind world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most famous Spanish studious work, Don Quixote, was also published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World parentage Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, past King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a high pension country, later the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing aptitude parity. It is a supporter of the joined Nations (UN), the European union (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the processing of Ibero-American States (OEI), the linkage for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic unity presidency (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and build up (OECD), running for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade government (WTO) and many new international organisations. while not an approved member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto advocate of the group.
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