Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory as a consequence includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera create Spain the only European country to have a physical affix in the manner of an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are next part of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small estate boundary similar to Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the recess of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an place of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; new major urban areas complement Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula going on for 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along considering ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came below Roman adjudicate all but 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based upon the earlier Phoenician say Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and received relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly combine all remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was later documented as Hispania.
In the further on eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to decide most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving deserted a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering times across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the commencement of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to slant the invasion. taking into consideration the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the tardy 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs.
In the upfront broadminded period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, desertion a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were furthermore many advancements in the arts, considering world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most well-known Spanish teacher work, Don Quixote, was afterward published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World stock Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, in the manner of King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a tall income country, in imitation of the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing capability parity. It is a devotee of the associated Nations (UN), the European grip (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the running of Ibero-American States (OEI), the linkage for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic pact management (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and move forward (OECD), presidency for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade admin (WTO) and many additional international organisations. even though not an ascribed member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in all summit, which makes Spain a de facto member of the group.
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rail map of spain and portugal tripsavvy com the lines in blue show high speed train routes the red lines are only suitable for slower trains the red lines are only suitable for slower trains spain is also well served by bus service spain train routes and map of spain eurail com spain has an extensive high speed train network which will get you where you want to go a lot faster compared to the regional train system however for the high speed trains you ll need to book a seat reservation spain train map map of train routes in spain southern spain train map map of train routes in spain spain train map southern europe europe to print spain train map southern europe europe to download renfe rail network map getspain spain com the official renfe website even when translated into english is not the easiest of sites to navigate over the years we have found that one of the most common searches people make about the renfe network is for renfe maps so that they can work out rail routes across spain guide to the different types of renfe trains and routes in renfe is the government owned company that runs almost all the trains in spain our simple guide explains the different renfe train types as well as routes facilities and speed so you can identify which service is right for you train connections in spain map ave and times spain take a look at the map of main connections in spain for high speed trains ave and other long distance lines renfe spain pass a practical and convenient ticket for tourists this pass allows non residents to travel around spain by train train spain trains map pass timetables and fares spain and that s probably why planes would easily have replaced trains if not for two major rail rejuvenation projects in the eighties the ave super fast trains that run up to 220mph while linking major cities with madrid and hotel trains spain s hotels on wheels that serve routes with lesser traffic both are highly convenient offer a superior experience and boast one of the best on trains in spain interrail eu regional and intercity trains in spain media distancia re connects larger cities with smaller destinations over medium distances fast trains making frequent stops along their routes the spanish rail system routes and costs until relatively recently spain did not have the best of train systems being the second most mountainous country in europe it was often difficult to link certain cities due the mountains and hills in the way european railway map europe map train travel times train routes through 31 countries the map below shows the bigger cities in europe to which cities they are connected and how long it takes to travel between them