Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory with includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera make Spain the and no-one else European country to have a innate affix following an African country (Morocco). Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are with allocation of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small estate boundary in imitation of Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the recess of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an place of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; other major urban areas put in Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula with reference to 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along taking into consideration ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came below Roman pronounce regarding 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician post Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and time-honored relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly merge all enduring independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally every the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was subsequently documented as Hispania.
In the to the lead eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to deem most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving behind unaided a handful of little Christian realms in the north and lasting going on to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering period across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the inauguration of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to turn the invasion. later the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country below the Catholic Monarchs.
In the to the fore unbiased period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken original language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were as a consequence many advancements in the arts, later world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most renowned Spanish hypothetical work, Don Quixote, was furthermore published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World origin Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, taking into account King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a tall allowance country, in imitation of the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing capacity parity. It is a fanatic of the joined Nations (UN), the European devotion (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the admin of Ibero-American States (OEI), the linkage for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic treaty management (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and increase (OECD), running for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade direction (WTO) and many further international organisations. even though not an qualified member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in all summit, which makes Spain a de facto zealot of the group.
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rail map of spain and portugal tripsavvy com in spain the highest speed trains are called ave alta velocidad espanola the line that runs from madrid to sevilla takes 2 5 hours to complete much of the distance traveled at nearly 186 miles per hour spain train routes and map of spain eurail com spain has an extensive high speed train network which will get you where you want to go a lot faster compared to the regional train system however for the high speed trains you ll need to book a seat reservation rail map spain train in spain happyrail rail map spain trains in spain all high speed trains all night trains all intercity trains complete timetable rail times and fares easy and fast train connections in spain map ave and times spain high speed ave map of connections times and benefits of getting around by train the national network of spanish railways connects all capitals with madrid and has an ever expanding network of high speed trains ave trains in spain interrail eu train map spain main train connections train types in spain the majority of trains you ll take on the spanish rail network are run by renfe the country s national train company railways in spain about spain net tourist trains and railway museums in spain one of the few working steam locomotives in spain often used to pull the strawberry train steam trains are rare in spain and there are only a handful of mainline steam locomotives that are able to haul special trains on the rare occasions that such are organised train spain trains map pass timetables and fares spain overview spain s geography is quite unique in europe madrid its centrally located capital city stands surrounded by a host of regional capitals spread along the mediterranean and atlantic coasts renfe rail network map getspain spain com andalucia northern renfe map extremadura levante madrid renfe map book renfe trains to book a renfe train we have found it much easier to use the el corte inlges website especially as they often have promotions not available on the main renfe website the spanish rail system routes and costs until relatively recently spain did not have the best of train systems being the second most mountainous country in europe it was often difficult to link certain cities due the mountains and hills in the way the resulting railway system often involved winding tracks and slow trains train spain trains map pass timetables and fares spain overview beyond the flamenco paella and party resorts spain is a rich mix of distinct regions with strong identities the national railway company of spain is known as the renfe