Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory in addition to includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera make Spain the unaccompanied European country to have a physical link up similar to an African country (Morocco). Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are as well as portion of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a little land boundary next Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the recess of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an place of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; new major urban areas affix Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula with reference to 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along behind ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came below Roman rule something like 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician declare Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and expected relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly unite every long-lasting independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally every the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was subsequently documented as Hispania.
In the to the lead eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to declare most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving and no-one else a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting taking place to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering get older across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the creation of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to approach the invasion. behind the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country below the Catholic Monarchs.
In the beforehand open-minded period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, rejection a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were in addition to many advancements in the arts, taking into consideration world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most well-known Spanish assistant professor work, Don Quixote, was after that published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World extraction Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, past King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a high income country, in imitation of the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing faculty parity. It is a member of the allied Nations (UN), the European hold (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the admin of Ibero-American States (OEI), the hold for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic settlement dealing out (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and fee (OECD), organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade giving out (WTO) and many extra international organisations. though not an approved member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in all summit, which makes Spain a de facto believer of the group.
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what are the five mountain ranges in spain reference com mountain ranges in spain include the pyrenees cordillera cantabrica sistema iberico sierra de cuenca montes de toledo serrania de cuenca cordillera betica and sierra nevada spain physical map freeworldmaps net spain geography map showing the major geographical features of spain spain map in hd high resolution physical map of spain spain political map spain rivers map showing the major rivers and hydrography of spain spain peaks map showing the highest peaks and mountains in spain spain large color map worldatlas com print this map occupying most of the iberian peninsula s land area approximately 85 spain is the third largest country in europe and 45 is covered by the meseta plateau category maps of mountain ranges of spain wikimedia commons media in category maps of mountain ranges of spain the following 22 files are in this category out of 22 total the 11 most spectacular mountain ranges in spain stretching from the atlantic to the mediterranean the landscape of spain is wonderfully varied if you re a fan of mountain life whether it s for winter sports or adventure hikes there are some truly impressive mountain ranges to be explored in spain mountains in spain highest mountain in spain mountain mountains in spain are of particular interest for skiing hiking and easy walking when looking at a topographical map it is evident that a majority of spain s land mass is dominated by mountain ranges in spain 5 major mountains in spain getaway usa in the north spain even has a coastal mountain range that allows you to ski and surf in the same day beaches might be the country s calling card but spain s mountains can be equally majestic beaches might be the country s calling card but spain s mountains can be equally majestic europe mountain ranges map quiz game when it comes to mountain ranges in europe the alps are generally the first to come to mind there are however nine other recognized ranges starting with the urals at one end of the continent and finishing with the pyrenees on the other end list of mountain ranges wikipedia physiographic world map with mountain ranges and highland areas in brown pink and gray this is a list of mountain ranges on earth and a few other astronomical bodies first the highest and longest mountain ranges on earth are listed followed by more comprehensive alphabetical lists organized by continent list of mountains in spain wikipedia this is a list of spanish mountains with their elevation taken from the instituto nacional de estadistica de espana data where available is also reported the mountains prominence list of mountains in spain