Ireland (/arlnd/ (About this soundlisten); Irish: ire [e] (About this soundlisten); Ulster-Scots: Airlann [rln]) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is separated from good Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George’s Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest upon Earth.
Politically, Ireland is separated in the company of the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is allowance of the allied Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was roughly 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after good Britain. Just below 4.8 million alive in the Republic of Ireland and just beyond 1.8 million enliven in Northern Ireland.
The geography of Ireland comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, next several navigable rivers extending inland. Its lush vegetation is a product of its smooth but short-tempered climate which is clear of extremes in temperature. Much of Ireland was woodland until the stop of the middle Ages. Today, woodland makes taking place about 10% of the island, compared similar to a European average of greater than 33%, and most of it is non-native conifer plantations. There are twenty-six extant land instinctive species original to Ireland. The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and thus entirely moderate, and winters are milder than standard for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud lid are abundant.
The primeval evidence of human presence in Ireland is pass at 10,500 BCE (12,500 years ago). Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century CE. The island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. later than the 12th century Norman invasion, England claimed sovereignty. However, English pronounce did not extend beyond the total island until the 16th17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English adjudicate was meant to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was lengthy during the 18th century. behind the Acts of bond in 1801, Ireland became a allocation of the joined Kingdom. A battle of independence in the before 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish forgive State, which became increasingly sovereign higher than the subsequent to decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a ration of the allied Kingdom. Northern Ireland proverb much civil unrest from the tardy 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided subsequent to a political taking over in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland united the European Economic Community while the joined Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, as portion of it, did the same.
Irish culture has had a significant have emotional impact on other cultures, especially in the ring of literature. closely mainstream Western culture, a mighty original culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language. The island’s culture shares many features in imitation of that of good Britain, including the English language, and sports such as attachment football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.
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lists of mountains in ireland wikipedia there is no consensus on the definition of mountain but in britain and ireland it is often taken to be a summit over 2 000 ft or more latterly 600 m the mountains of ireland topographical map carrantuohill is the highest mountain in ireland it is part of macgillicuddy s reeks a rugged twelve mile ridge which stretches along the southwest corner of the island not far from the atlantic shore map of ireland ireland map google maps ireland map geography map of ireland ireland is an island in western europe surrounded by the atlantic ocean and the irish sea which separates ireland from great britain mountains of ireland from the mournes to croagh patrick ireland s compact size means that you can easily access mountains from the main cities on divis and the black mountain in belfast you can look all the way across to scotland on a clear day while the beautiful wicklow mountains are an unexpected retreat just a 30 minute drive outside the urban buzz of dublin city free maps of ireland wesleyjohnston com historical maps all these are taken from the history section of this site ice age ireland map showing the extent of the ice coverage in ireland as well as the locations of the lower coastline and glacial landforms geography for kids ireland ducksters com kids learn about the geography of ireland the history capital flag climate terrain people economy and population mountains ask about ireland map work map work counties of ireland counties of ireland oceans seas and channels oceans seas and channels rivers rivers lakes lakes mountains mountains cities and towns cities and towns scale map scale map route map of my place route map of my place find out more find out more transport today transport today search search looking at places looking at places ask a librarian ask top 10 walks in ireland activeme ie top walking and hiking routes in ireland between scenery history mythology and ancient paths ireland has some of the best walking and hiking trails in the world national geographic say ireland is in the top 5 walking and hiking destinations in the world top 25 best scenic drives and road trips in ireland top 25 best scenic drives and road trips in ireland driving in ireland is an unforgettable experience from wild winding coastal roads to high mountain passes and from gentle lakeside rides to road trips through endless lush green valleys ireland has some the best scenic drives and road trips in europe if not the world carrauntoohil wikipedia a state sponsored report into access for the range in december 2013 titled macgillycuddy reeks mountain access development assessment also called the mountain access project or map mapped the complex network of land titles