France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories add together French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a total place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic in imitation of its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and billboard centre. new major urban areas combine Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the initiation of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The agreement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European aptitude in the tardy center Ages, next its victory in the Hundred Years’ feat (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars in the company of Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military talent in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French revolution overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of militant history’s antique republics and drafting the verification of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took knack and usual the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. taking into consideration the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous concurrence of governments culminating considering the creation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World charge I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World clash II, but came below bustle by the Axis powers in 1940. similar to liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and cutting edge dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately all the further colonies became independent in the 1960s, gone most retaining near economic and military associates in imitation of France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World pedigree Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving regarding 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country in the manner of the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing aptitude parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs competently in international rankings of education, health care, enthusiasm expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good facility in global affairs, swine one of the five steadfast members of the united Nations Security Council when the power to veto and an approved nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading fanatic welcome of the European sticking to and the Eurozone, and a devotee of the group of 7, North Atlantic agreement admin (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and enhancement (OECD), the World Trade admin (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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old town nice updated 2019 all you need to know i recently did a guided tour of the old town of nice the guide agneska might have incorrect spelling apologies was excellent she explained every point of interest 1st in french and then in english very impressive beautiful town nice old town map world maps maps of all countries description this map shows streets parks pedestrian zones view points churches points of interest and sightseeings in nice old town old town nice 2019 all you need to know before you go i recently did a guided tour of the old town of nice the guide agneska might have incorrect spelling apologies was excellent she explained every point of interest 1st in french and then in english very impressive beautiful town map of old town nice residential area in nice french we are continuing our series on neighborhood maps for the nice french riviera area as requested by one of our readers jenn when you are investing in french real estate in nice on the french riviera you will most likely hear of a number of different neighborhoods being mentioned a walking tour around the old town of nice and restaurant a walking tour around the old town of nice and restaurant guide posted on march 24 2012 by kevinhin global view of old nice from the bellanda tower on castle hill you can see cours saleya on the left running parallel to the waterfront nice printable tourist map sygic travel get the free printable map of nice printable tourist map or create your own tourist map see the best attraction in nice printable tourist map old town nice updated 2019 all you need to know before book your tickets online for old town nice see 11 726 reviews articles and 4 955 photos of old town ranked no 1 on tripadvisor among 192 attractions in nice the 10 best nice old town vieux nice tours tickets nice old town is best explored on foot a small group or private walking tour will take in all the main attractions including the colorful flower market and the historic landmarks of garibaldi square place garibaldi maps and brochures of nice cote d azur en nicetourisme com to prepare your trip to nice you can download the city centre map the colours represent the diffrent shopping zones the 10 best hotels in old town vieux nice france for the 1 best value of 14 places to stay in old town vieux nice hotel rossetti show prices 2 best value of 14 places to stay in old town vieux nice palais saleya show prices 1 901 reviews 3 best value of 14 places to stay in old town vieux nice