Ireland (/arlnd/ (About this soundlisten); Irish: ire [e] (About this soundlisten); Ulster-Scots: Airlann [rln]) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is divided from good Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George’s Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.
Politically, Ireland is separated between the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is portion of the associated Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was virtually 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after great Britain. Just under 4.8 million breathing in the Republic of Ireland and just over 1.8 million bring to life in Northern Ireland.
The geography of Ireland comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, afterward several navigable rivers extending inland. Its lush vegetation is a product of its smooth but temperamental climate which is clear of extremes in temperature. Much of Ireland was woodland until the end of the middle Ages. Today, woodland makes stirring nearly 10% of the island, compared taking into consideration a European average of over 33%, and most of it is non-native conifer plantations. There are twenty-six extant land beast species native to Ireland. The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and suitably certainly moderate, and winters are milder than standard for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud cover are abundant.
The antediluvian evidence of human presence in Ireland is antiquated at 10,500 BCE (12,500 years ago). Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century CE. The island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. taking into consideration the 12th century Norman invasion, England claimed sovereignty. However, English announce did not extend on top of the total island until the 16th17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English consider was meant to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was outstretched during the 18th century. taking into account the Acts of hold in 1801, Ireland became a portion of the associated Kingdom. A feat of independence in the further on 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish free State, which became increasingly sovereign beyond the taking into consideration decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a ration of the associated Kingdom. Northern Ireland motto much civil unrest from the late 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided in the manner of a embassy succession in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland joined the European Economic Community while the associated Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, as share of it, did the same.
Irish culture has had a significant impinge on upon further cultures, especially in the dome of literature. to the side of mainstream Western culture, a strong native culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language. The island’s culture shares many features in imitation of that of good Britain, including the English language, and sports such as connection football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.
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ordnance survey of northern ireland nidirect your comments are anonymous and can t be responded to if you would like a reply use the feedback form maps of northern ireland old maps online a map of the county of armagh with the harbours of dundalk and carlingford this is a map of north east ireland dating from 1600 an inset in the lower right hand corner shows the fortification of fort mount norris detailed map of northern ireland world maps description this map shows cities towns tourist information centers distance between towns main roads secondary roads in northern ireland search the proni historical maps viewer nidirect search and browse a range of historical ordnance survey of northern ireland osni maps and find information on sites buildings and landmarks of historical interest ordnance survey of northern ireland wikipedia ordnance survey of northern ireland osni was the official mapping agency of northern ireland the agency ceased to exist separately on 1 april 2008 when it became part of land and property services an executive agency of the northern ireland department of finance and personnel along with the rate collection agency the valuation and lands map of northern ireland lonelyplanet com map of northern ireland and travel information about northern ireland brought to you by lonely planet maps of ireland ordnance survey shop the best place to buy your hiking walking and travel maps and guides as well as outdoor gear and accessories great offers and free p and p ordnance survey ireland national mapping agency prime2 is ordnance survey ireland s osi central database of spatial information launched in 2015 it has all the normal details you d expect to find in a spatial database like buildings field boundaries roads etc but it s also so much more than that os maps online mapping and walking running and cycling discover maps for all of gb discover local walking running and cycling routes or create and share your own use it for free now ordnance survey wikipedia ordnance survey os is the national mapping agency for great britain the agency s name indicates its original military purpose see ordnance and surveying which was to map scotland in the wake of the jacobite rising of 1745