Europe is a continent located very in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost share of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be on bad terms from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies mammal geography, the land be close to is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several times in the past its first conception in classical antiquity. The division of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which vary upon a spectrum rather than similar to a brilliant dividing line. The geographic connect amid Europe and Asia does not follow any state boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and joined Kingdom are in addition to transcontinental in that the main share is in Europe though pockets of their territory are located in supplementary continents.
Europe covers not quite 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is not speaking into very nearly fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of just about 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. new from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration get older marked the end of ancient archives and the coming on of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the ahead of its time era. past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. between the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various get older the Americas, just about all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French rebellion and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to highly developed economic, cultural and social correct in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most allowance in Europe, contributing to a end in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet devotion and the joined States took prominence. During the frosty War, Europe was on bad terms along the Iron Curtain in the company of NATO in the West and the Warsaw concurrence in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, gone a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, behind the idea of unifying Europe to attain common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. new European integration by some states led to the formation of the European union (EU), a sever diplomatic entity that lies together with a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward in the past the fall of the Soviet union in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the course of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes connect and immigration controls along with most of its member states.
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europe physical map physical map of europe the physical map of europe shows that most of the continent is a plain the north european plain being the dominant one the important mountain ranges are the alps the caucasus mountains and others europe physical map freeworldmaps net physical map of europe lambert equal area projection click on above map to view higher resolution image europe map map of europe facts geography history of europe map europe is the planet s 6th largest continent and includes 47 countries and assorted dependencies islands and territories europe s recognized surface area covers about 9 938 000 sq km 3 837 083 sq mi or 2 of the earth s surface and about 6 8 of its land area europe physical geography map and travel information map of europe physical geography map and travel information physical map of europe map of europe europe map do not mistake a physical map of europe with a topographical map of europe while once these maps are similar they are not exactly the same a topographical map will usually use contour lines to show changes in landscape these changes often relate to altitude physical geography of europe national geographic society compare the map country borders in europe to the physical map of europe and natural vegetation of europe maps then discuss the questions and have students write their answers finally use the map transparencies to show the class how borders and physical features do or do not line up physical map of europe geology physical map of europe the map above reveals the physical landscape of europe there are several important mountain ranges the pyrenese mountains are the boundary between spain and france europe physical features map quiz game europe physical features map quiz game the physical features of europe extend from the coast of portugal in the west to the ural mountains of russia in the east russia of course continues to stretch east on the other side of the urals but that mountain range has traditionally been considered the dividing line between the european and geography of europe wikipedia population figures for the population of europe vary according to which definition of european boundaries is used the population within the standard physical geographical boundaries was 701 million in 2005 according to the united nations