Ireland (/arlnd/ (About this soundlisten); Irish: ire [e] (About this soundlisten); Ulster-Scots: Airlann [rln]) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is estranged from great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George’s Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.
Politically, Ireland is divided in the company of the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is ration of the associated Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was not quite 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after great Britain. Just below 4.8 million stimulate in the Republic of Ireland and just over 1.8 million living in Northern Ireland.
The geography of Ireland comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, as soon as several navigable rivers extending inland. Its lush vegetation is a product of its mild but moody climate which is release of extremes in temperature. Much of Ireland was woodland until the end of the middle Ages. Today, woodland makes occurring virtually 10% of the island, compared in the same way as a European average of exceeding 33%, and most of it is non-native conifer plantations. There are twenty-six extant land brute species indigenous to Ireland. The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and thus completely moderate, and winters are milder than established for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud cover are abundant.
The antique evidence of human presence in Ireland is out of date at 10,500 BCE (12,500 years ago). Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century CE. The island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. with the 12th century Norman invasion, England claimed sovereignty. However, English pronounce did not extend on top of the whole island until the 16th17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English declare was designed to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was lengthy during the 18th century. when the Acts of hold in 1801, Ireland became a allowance of the united Kingdom. A achievement of independence in the prematurely 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish pardon State, which became increasingly sovereign over the subsequent to decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a share of the joined Kingdom. Northern Ireland wise saying much civil unrest from the tardy 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided once a political attainment in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland allied the European Economic Community even if the united Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, as ration of it, did the same.
Irish culture has had a significant change on additional cultures, especially in the auditorium of literature. to the side of mainstream Western culture, a mighty native culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language. The island’s culture shares many features similar to that of good Britain, including the English language, and sports such as membership football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.
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station and route maps irishrail ie seat only reservation is an option for customers who are in possession of a valid standard class ticket s seasonal ticket s taxsaver ticket s or interrail and free travel pass holders to reserve a seat in standard class trains in ireland discoveringireland com our map of ireland s rail network below will give you an indication of how much of the country you can see using the rail system rail travel in ireland trains are usually comfortable and punctual by irish standards and the rail car stock has recently been upgraded to provide sate of the art comfort on the inter city network trains in ireland ireland by rail interrail eu rail services in northern ireland are run by northern ireland railways ni railways trains in the republic of ireland iarnrod eireann irish rail has modern and reliable trains across the country with many connections to and from dublin travelling around the island of ireland by train ireland com what you need to know there are two rail networks operating in ireland irish rail in the republic of ireland and translink in northern ireland dublin and belfast are the key rail hubs connecting travellers with cities and towns all over the island train ireland trains map pass timetables and fares overview ireland is a compact country and it usually doesn t take more than three hours to travel between two irish cities ireland is a compact country and it usually doesn t take more than three hours to travel between two irish cities ireland rail passes and train tips from rick steves use this map to add up approximate pay as you go fares for your itinerary and compare that cost to the price of a rail pass for the number of days you expect to spend on the train the train fares shown here for the republic of ireland roughly match what you d pay if buying a ticket online shortly before departure ireland by train and train routes eurail com ireland train travel gives you the best of two worlds the republic of ireland offers an enchanting green landscape the lively capital dublin famous castles and charming pubs in northern ireland you can visit the impressive coastline explore the history and visit the vibrant capital belfast rail transport in ireland wikipedia rail transport in ireland intercity commuter and freight is provided by iarnrod eireann in the republic of ireland and by northern ireland railways in northern ireland most routes in the republic radiate from dublin european railway map europe map train travel times traveling with a eurail pass with a eurail pass you can travel in all countries on the europe rail map above now including great britain please note that most high speed trains and all night trains need an advance reservation ireland rail travel information iarnrod eireann irish rail seat only reservation is an option for customers who are in possession of a valid standard class ticket s seasonal ticket s taxsaver ticket s or interrail and free travel pass holders to reserve a seat in standard class