Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated upon the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory then includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera make Spain the abandoned European country to have a bodily border when an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are plus allowance of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a little house boundary when Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; supplementary major urban areas augment Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula almost 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along taking into account ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came under Roman declare in this area 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician reveal Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and received relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly mingle all permanent independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally every the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was then documented as Hispania.
In the to come eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to declare most of the peninsula in the year 726, desertion only a handful of little Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering time across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the foundation of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to slope the invasion. in the manner of the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country below the Catholic Monarchs.
In the into the future advanced period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, desertion a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken original language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were moreover many advancements in the arts, taking into account world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most renowned Spanish speculative work, Don Quixote, was after that published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World stock Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, later King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a high allowance country, subsequently the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing capability parity. It is a member of the united Nations (UN), the European grip (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the management of Ibero-American States (OEI), the linkage for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic deal processing (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and money up front (OECD), giving out for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade admin (WTO) and many further international organisations. while not an certified member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in all summit, which makes Spain a de facto fanatic of the group.
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google maps find local businesses view maps and get driving directions in google maps hispania wikipedia hispania h ɪ ˈ s p ae n i ə ˈ s p eɪ n i ə latin hɪsˈpaːnia was the roman name for the iberian peninsula and its provinces under the republic hispania was divided into two provinces hispania citerior and hispania ulterior roman spain best roman ruins in spain spanish fiestas throughout central spain you will find evidence of the roman occupation also there are examples of the traditionally straight roman roads and the bridges that they had to build over the numerous small rivers to continue the path of the road an incredibly detailed map of the roman empire at its the map above is one of the most detailed and interesting maps of the roman empire you ll likely find online it shows what the empire looked like in 211 ce aka 211 ad at the end of the reign of septimius severus roman hispania explorethemed the romans called iberia hispania though this name is likely phoenician in origin during the roman republic rome divided hispania into 2 provinces hispania citerior near spain and hispania ulterior far spain see map 1 56 bc category maps of roman hispania wikimedia commons media in category maps of roman hispania the following 124 files are in this category out of 124 total hispania map ancient roman history site and forum unrv com roman armies invaded spain and used it as a training ground for officers and as a proving ground for tactics during campaigns against the carthaginians and the iberians x roman spain look at the map and answer the following 1 x roman spain look at the map and answer the following questions 1 hispania in augustus time the best roman ruins in spain trip historic the roman city of baelo claudia in andalusia is one of the best surviving examples of an ancient roman town in spain sitting directly on the coast baelo claudia is a beautiful site to visit with both stunning views and ancient ruins step back in time with the top ten roman sites in spain spain was part of the roman empire from 218bc to 410ad much of their legacy still exists and here are 10 of the best sites to visit