France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories affix French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a total place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic taking into consideration its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and poster centre. extra major urban areas count up Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the coming on of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The pact of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European faculty in the late center Ages, subsequently its victory in the Hundred Years’ stroke (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars surrounded by Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military aptitude in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French chaos overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of avant-garde history’s prehistoric republics and drafting the support of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took power and acknowledged the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. taking into consideration the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous attainment of governments culminating taking into consideration the inauguration of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World skirmish I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World prosecution II, but came below motion by the Axis powers in 1940. subsequent to liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was acknowledged and future dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly every the extra colonies became independent in the 1960s, afterward most retaining close economic and military contacts taking into consideration France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World lineage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving on 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country in imitation of the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing facility parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs capably in international rankings of education, health care, vigor expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great skill in global affairs, instinctive one of the five surviving members of the united Nations Security Council later than the capability to veto and an recognized nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading advocate divulge of the European linkage and the Eurozone, and a aficionado of the society of 7, North Atlantic deal presidency (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and onslaught (OECD), the World Trade government (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of the south of france with full french riviera map south of france the south of france is often referred to as le midi and includes the wonderful area of provence and of course the french riviera or cote d azur the centre of provence is to be found around the areas of aix marseille and avignon whereas the riviera is the strip of coast around nice and cannes google maps find local businesses view maps and get driving directions in google maps map of southern france region in france welt atlas de map of southern france region in france with cities locations streets rivers lakes mountains and landmarks the south of france an essential travel guide a short guide to le midi the south of france from the french riviera to the pyrenees its coast its beaches its mountains its heritage and other points of interest its coast its beaches its mountains its heritage and other points of interest south france google my maps open full screen to view more south france collapse map legend map of provence south coast of france the picturesque fishing village of cassis is one of many lovely towns in french region of provence south west of france map the map of south western france france time in france shoes and clothes sizes temperatures metric conversion conversion tables for france electricity in paris and france electric supplies in france communications in france internet mail phone from paris and france southern france google my maps open full screen to view more the french coast and the beaches of france a guide the south coast of france is conveniently divided into two sections west of the rhone languedoc and east of the rhone provence riviera languedoc offers mile upon mile of sandy seashores though the mediterranean being non tidal these sandy beaches are not generally as broad as those of the atlantic coast 10 best beaches in south of france oliver s journal where next to the spanish border on the south west coast of france hendaye s 3km long sandy beach offers something for the whole family from long strolls gentle slope into calm waters to surfing and bodyboarding spots