Italy is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Italian Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely self-denying seasonal climate. The country covers an area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares entrance land borders like France, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). like in the region of 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous fanatic own up of the European Union.
Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been house to a myriad of ancient peoples and cultures, the most predominant living thing the Indo-European Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name. An Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic subsequently a executive of the Senate and the People that expanded and conquered parts of Europe, North Africa and Asia. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant capability in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural, embassy and religious middle of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a era of more than 200 years during which Italy’s law, technology, economy, art, and literature developed. Italy remained the homeland of the Romans and the metropole of the empire, whose legacy can with be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments, Christianity and the Latin script.
During the to come middle Ages, Italy endured sociopolitical collapse and barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous foe city-states and maritime republics, mainly in the northern and central regions of Italy, rose to great material comfort through trade, commerce and banking, laying the groundwork for unbiased capitalism. The Renaissance began in Italy and press forward to the in flames of Europe, bringing a renewed fascination in humanism, science, exploration and art. Italian culture flourished, producing well-known scholars, artists and polymaths. During the center Ages, Italian explorers discovered supplementary routes to the far East and the supplementary World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Nevertheless, Italy’s classified ad and diplomatic talent significantly waned in the manner of the establishment of trade routes that bypassed the Mediterranean. Centuries of infighting in the midst of the Italian city-states, such as the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, left the region fragmented, and it was behind conquered and supplementary not speaking by European powers such as France, Spain and Austria.
By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism and calls for independence from foreign manage led to a period of rebellious political upheaval. After centuries of foreign domination and political division, Italy was regarding agreed unified in 1861, establishing the Kingdom of Italy as a good power. From the tardy 19th century to the in front 20th century, Italy gruffly industrialised, namely in the north, and acquired a colonial empire, though the south remained largely impoverished and excluded from industrialisation, fuelling a large and influential diaspora. Despite brute one of the main victors in World stroke I, Italy entered a get older of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading to the rise of a fascist autocracy in 1922. Participation in World act II upon the Axis side the end in military defeat, economic destruction and the Italian Civil War. taking into account the liberation of Italy and the rise of the resistance, the country abolished the monarchy, normal a democratic Republic and enjoyed a prolonged economic boom, becoming a severely developed country.
Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world’s most culturally and economically innovative countries, with its economy ranking eighth-largest in the world and third in the Eurozone by nominal GDP. Italy has the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth, the third-largest central bank gold reserve, and a totally high enthusiasm expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military, cultural and embassy affairs; it is both a regional skill and a good power, and is ranked the world’s eighth most-powerful military. Italy is a founding and leading believer of the European hold and a supporter of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7, the G20, the devotion for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, the Schengen area and many more. The country have greatly influenced and contributed to diverse fields, notably the arts, music, literature, philosophy, science and technology, fashion, cinema, cuisine, sports, as well as jurisprudence, banking and business. As a late addition of its cultural wealth, Italy is home to the world’s largest number of World extraction Sites, and is the fifth-most visited country.
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google maps find local businesses view maps and get driving directions in google maps puglia italy puglia map puglia attractions puglia is a region of italy in the south east of the country it s the heel of the italian boot facing albania puglia is on the adriatic sea the arm of the mediterranean which runs along italy s east coast i ve put it in inverted commas because italians don t call it that way they say la costa adriatica 10 most amazing destinations in southern italy with the mezzogiorno or midday region of italy refers to the southern section of this historically and artistically important nation the area boasts some of the oldest cities in italy as well as a number of important sites from what was once part of ancient greece top 5 places to visit in southern italy tripsavvy southern italy s scenic amalfi coast is a top vacation destination especially in summer cliffs rise dramatically above the sea and picturesque villages cling to the cliffs making for spectacular scenery southern italy map italy mapcarta southern italy sometimes known as the mezzogiorno is arguably as much a state of mind and a culture as a location but for the purposes of this guide it starts south of the boundaries of the molise and campania regions map of italy lonely planet map of italy and travel information about italy brought to you by lonely planet the best beaches in italy rough guides rough guides the best beaches in italy before we begin here s a quick overview of italy s main regions 1 forno elba tuscany the main five beaches on elba can get suffocatingly packed in high season including the popular resort of biodola southern italy travel italy lonely planet italy s north may have the euros but the south has the soul sun bleached and weathered this is italy at its most ancient complex and contradictory at the crossroads of civilisations for millennia southern italy is littered with the detritus of diverse and gilded ages from greek and roman to airports in italy map and arrival info italian airports if you are planning to fly to italy you have quite a few airports to choose between in total there are around 20 airports handling more than 1 mio passenger a year and about 20 smaller airport handling less than 1 mio passengers a year southern italy wikipedia southern italy forms the lower part of the italian boot containing the ankle the toe the arch and the heel molise north of apulia and abruzzo north of molise along with sicily removed from calabria by the narrow strait of messina