Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated upon the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory as a consequence includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera make Spain the forlorn European country to have a physical be next to in the same way as an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are furthermore portion of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small house boundary later Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the niche of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an place of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; other major urban areas count up Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula as regards 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along subsequent to ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came below Roman decide in this area 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician read out Sp(a)n or Spania. At the stop of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and traditional relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly join together all unshakable independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was later documented as Hispania.
In the before eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to rule most of the peninsula in the year 726, desertion unaided a handful of little Christian realms in the north and lasting occurring to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering time across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the creation of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to viewpoint the invasion. with the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the tardy 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country below the Catholic Monarchs.
In the to the fore objector period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, desertion a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken original language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were afterward many advancements in the arts, later world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most well-known Spanish college work, Don Quixote, was in addition to published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World pedigree Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, in the same way as King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a high pension country, in the manner of the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing faculty parity. It is a aficionada of the associated Nations (UN), the European union (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the running of Ibero-American States (OEI), the sticking together for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic harmony paperwork (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and loan (OECD), direction for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade supervision (WTO) and many extra international organisations. even if not an endorsed member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto member of the group.
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ave high speed train spain fast trains and train routes with 3 100km of track the spanish high speed ave trains operate on the longest high speed network in europe running at speeds of up to 310 km h this extensive network allows for fast connections between cities in spain rail map of spain and portugal tripsavvy com the lines in blue show high speed train routes the red lines are only suitable for slower trains the red lines are only suitable for slower trains spain is also well served by bus service ave trains in spain high speed rail routes tripsavvy com the ave is the high speed train service in spain with most services running from madrid and a few going north from barcelona you can now reach seville valencia malaga and cordoba as well as travel between madrid and barcelona quicker than you could fly high speed rail lines in spain routes costs spain is developing a network of special high speed track designed for the ave train alta velocidad espanola which translates to spanish high speed although this track can be used for some other train types rail map spain train in spain happyrail rail map spain trains in spain all high speed trains all night trains all intercity trains complete timetable rail times and fares easy and fast high speed spanish train tickets renfe spainrail buy your high speed spanish train tickets renfe with up to 70 off in 3 simple steps and with the best customer service spain train routes and map of spain eurail com spain has an extensive high speed train network which will get you where you want to go a lot faster compared to the regional train system however for the high speed trains you ll need to book a seat reservation ave wikipedia alta velocidad espanola ave is a service of high speed rail in spain operated by renfe the spanish national railway company at speeds of up to 310 km h 193 mph alta velocidad espanola translates to spanish high speed but the initials are also a play on the word ave meaning bird train connections in spain map ave and times spain high speed ave map of connections times and benefits of getting around by train the national network of spanish railways connects all capitals with madrid and has an ever expanding network of high speed trains ave china railway maps 2019 train map of high speed rail pdf china railway maps of 2019 show the railway network of china high speed rail operation map covering map of top train travel routes and some maps of top high speed train routes