Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory then includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera create Spain the unaccompanied European country to have a brute link up following an African country (Morocco). Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are then portion of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a little land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; extra major urban areas intensify Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula on the subject of 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along once ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman deem around 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based upon the earlier Phoenician publish Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and customary relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly fuse every remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was later documented as Hispania.
In the in front eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to decide most of the peninsula in the year 726, rejection unaccompanied a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting taking place to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering grow old across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the establishment of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to face the invasion. behind the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the tardy 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs.
In the in advance broadminded period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, desertion a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken indigenous language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were plus many advancements in the arts, with world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most renowned Spanish educational work, Don Quixote, was plus published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World extraction Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, in the same way as King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a tall income country, similar to the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing capacity parity. It is a advocate of the allied Nations (UN), the European hold (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the government of Ibero-American States (OEI), the bond for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic concurrence supervision (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and forward movement (OECD), processing for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade running (WTO) and many further international organisations. though not an credited member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in all summit, which makes Spain a de facto member of the group.
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spain map geography of spain map of spain worldatlas com spain has a population of 47 042 984 and gained its independence in 1479 it has shares its land borders with 5 countries morocco gibraltar andorra france and portugal spain maps maps of spain world maps maps of all about spain spain is located in the south west of europe on the iberian peninsula it shares borders with france and andorra on its north and with portugal on its west world maps of spain and travel information download free map of world maps of spain and travel information spain location on the world map description this map shows where spain is located on the world map map of spain map airports weltkarte com karten und important notice auf weltkarte com finden sie eine vielfalt von links zu kostenlosen online weltkarten landkarten und stadtplanen aus aller welt spain map and satellite image geology spain on a world wall map spain is one of nearly 200 countries illustrated on our blue ocean laminated map of the world this map shows a combination of political and physical features where is spain on the world map imsa kolese spain location map where is spain maps of spain where is spain spain in the world map file for detailed resort maps for locator map of maps of spain collection of maps of spain europe in the early modern period spain became one of history s first global colonial empires leaving a vast cultural and linguistic legacy that includes over 500 million spanish speakers making spanish the world s second most spoken first language after chinese and before english map of spain lonelyplanet com map of spain and travel information about spain brought to you by lonely planet spain wikipedia the health care system of spain spanish national health system is considered one of the best in the world in 7th position in the ranking elaborated by the world health organization the health care is public universal and free for any legal citizen of spain 229