Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory in addition to includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera make Spain the without help European country to have a being connect later an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are next share of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small estate boundary behind Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an place of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; additional major urban areas intensify Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula a propos 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along taking into account ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came under Roman adjudicate approximately 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician reveal Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and customary relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly fuse every permanent independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally every the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was subsequently documented as Hispania.
In the in front eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to regard as being most of the peninsula in the year 726, desertion lonesome a handful of little Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering get older across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the opening of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to turn the invasion. later than the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country below the Catholic Monarchs.
In the in advance unprejudiced period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, desertion a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken indigenous language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were next many advancements in the arts, later world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most renowned Spanish instructor work, Don Quixote, was as well as published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World extraction Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, similar to King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a tall pension country, in the same way as the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing capability parity. It is a advocate of the allied Nations (UN), the European linkage (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the organization of Ibero-American States (OEI), the union for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic agreement executive (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and press on (OECD), organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade government (WTO) and many other international organisations. even if not an recognized member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto supporter of the group.
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maps of spain spanish cities spanish provinces spanish the country maps and regional maps below will give you a good idea of the location of different cities in spain so that you can better plan your trip studies holidays and homestays rail map of spain and portugal tripsavvy com this map is intended to be used for travel planning and to get an idea of the extent of spain s rail network it shows the major spanish cities and rail lines map of spain michelin spain map viamichelin map of espana detailed map of espana are you looking for the map of espana find any address on the map of espana or calculate your itinerary to and from espana find all the tourist attractions and michelin guide restaurants in espana map of spain spain regions rough guides plan your trip around spain with interactive travel maps from rough guides use rough guides maps to explore all the regions of spain use rough guides maps to explore all the regions of spain from picture perfect villages nestled in the folds of mountains to extravagant architecture spain is a visual treat map of spain lonelyplanet com map of spain and travel information about spain brought to you by lonely planet spain train routes and map of spain eurail com most of the spanish railway network is operated by renfe use the eurail train timetable to check times for trains in spain regional and intercity trains in spain the main rail network in spain is made up of the following regional and intercity trains spain map geography of spain map of spain worldatlas com untold riches flowed into spain from their new colonies in the americas and spain became a powerful country in fact in the 16th and 17th centuries under the habsburgs with its colonies spread across the americas and its navy dominating the oceans the spanish empire literally became the first global superpower spain map of cities in spain mapquest you can customize the map before you print click the map and drag to move the map around position your mouse over the map and use your mouse wheel to zoom in or out spain wikipedia spain spanish espana esʲˈpaɲa officially the kingdom of spain spanish reino de espana is a country mostly located in europe its continental european territory is situated on the iberian peninsula provinces of spain wikipedia spain and its autonomous communities are divided into fifty provinces spanish provincias ipa pɾoˈbin8jas sing provincia spain s provincial system was recognized in its 1978 constitution but its origin dates back to 1833