Ireland (/arlnd/ (About this soundlisten); Irish: ire [e] (About this soundlisten); Ulster-Scots: Airlann [rln]) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is not speaking from great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George’s Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.
Politically, Ireland is on bad terms between the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is ration of the allied Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was virtually 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after great Britain. Just below 4.8 million breathing in the Republic of Ireland and just higher than 1.8 million liven up in Northern Ireland.
The geography of Ireland comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, bearing in mind several navigable rivers extending inland. Its lush vegetation is a product of its mild but moody climate which is free of extremes in temperature. Much of Ireland was woodland until the end of the center Ages. Today, woodland makes stirring nearly 10% of the island, compared taking into account a European average of higher than 33%, and most of it is non-native conifer plantations. There are twenty-six extant home creature species original to Ireland. The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and correspondingly unquestionably moderate, and winters are milder than time-honored for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud cover are abundant.
The prehistoric evidence of human presence in Ireland is obsolete at 10,500 BCE (12,500 years ago). Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century CE. The island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. like the 12th century Norman invasion, England claimed sovereignty. However, English consider did not extend higher than the entire sum island until the 16th17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English consider was meant to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was elongated during the 18th century. later the Acts of grip in 1801, Ireland became a portion of the joined Kingdom. A raid of independence in the upfront 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish release State, which became increasingly sovereign greater than the behind decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a allowance of the associated Kingdom. Northern Ireland motto much civil unrest from the late 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided following a diplomatic concurrence in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland united the European Economic Community even though the joined Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, as allowance of it, did the same.
Irish culture has had a significant shape upon new cultures, especially in the dome of literature. next to mainstream Western culture, a strong original culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language. The island’s culture shares many features afterward that of great Britain, including the English language, and sports such as connection football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.
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old maps of ireland old maps of ireland on old maps online discover the past of ireland on historical maps historic maps all island ireland map collections at ireland s history in maps this site uses a basic graphical map of ireland to display thematic information such as bronze age ireland arrival of christianity the viking era plantation and earldoms etc life in elizabethan england shows a basic map of ireland with the territories owned by the gaelic chiefs circa 1500 historical mapping osi ie a look back in time b etween 1829 and 1842 ordnance survey ireland completed the first ever large scale survey of an entire country acclaimed for their accuracy these maps are regarded by cartographers as amongst the finest ever produced historic maps of ireland swilson info 1695 map of ireland by robt morden c1701 map of ireland moll 1748 vaugondy map of ireland gt britain 1777 taylor and skinners new accurate map of the kingdom of ireland from maps of the roads of ireland 1803 map of ireland j h fleming 1822 map of co wicklow new from guide to co wicklow by rev g n wright after the designs of george petrie esq search the proni historical maps viewer nidirect search and browse a range of historical ordnance survey of northern ireland osni maps and find information on sites buildings and landmarks of historical interest free maps of ireland wesleyjohnston com historical maps all these are taken from the history section of this site ice age ireland map showing the extent of the ice coverage in ireland as well as the locations of the lower coastline and glacial landforms home page irish historical geological maps gsi gsni this site displays a range of historical geological maps sections and memoirs of ireland mostly from the 19th century search maps and memoirs old maps of northern ireland a map of the county of armagh with the harbours of dundalk and carlingford this is a map of north east ireland dating from 1600 an inset in the lower right hand corner shows the fortification of fort mount norris ordnance survey ireland osi 19th century historical maps ordnance survey ireland osi 19th century historical maps abstract a collection of mainly 19th century maps of almost 150 cities towns and villages in the republic of ireland most are town plans which were surveyed at either five or ten foot to one mile scale between 1837 and 1896 the remainder were produced by enlargement of the 1 2500 maps between 1892 and 1911 historical maps of dublin wikipedia maps of dublin accompanying thom s official directory printed by the ordnance survey for the dublin publisher alexander thom from the six inch map sheets 18 and 22 and dating from the late 19th century