Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory with includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera make Spain the without help European country to have a brute be close to considering an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are afterward ration of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a little land boundary subsequent to Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; additional major urban areas tally Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula just about 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along once ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came under Roman declare more or less 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician name Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and established relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly join all steadfast independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally every the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was later documented as Hispania.
In the to the lead eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to regard as being most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving behind unaided a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting going on to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering period across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the creation of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to turn the invasion. once the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the tardy 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs.
In the ahead of time objector period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, rejection a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken original language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were in addition to many advancements in the arts, as soon as world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most renowned Spanish scholarly work, Don Quixote, was as a consequence published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World lineage Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, with King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a high income country, gone the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing aptitude parity. It is a fanatic of the associated Nations (UN), the European sticking together (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the direction of Ibero-American States (OEI), the devotion for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic concurrence paperwork (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and evolve (OECD), meting out for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade supervision (WTO) and many additional international organisations. though not an ascribed member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in all summit, which makes Spain a de facto member of the group.
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rail map of spain and portugal tripsavvy com this map is intended to be used for travel planning and to get an idea of the extent of spain s rail network it shows the major spanish cities and rail lines spain railway map world maps description this map shows railways in spain go back to see more maps of spain maps of spain spain maps cities autonomous communities rail map spain train in spain happyrail rail map spain trains in spain all high speed trains all night trains all intercity trains complete timetable rail times and fares easy and fast spain train routes and map of spain eurail com spain has an extensive high speed train network which will get you where you want to go a lot faster compared to the regional train system however for the high speed trains you ll need to book a seat reservation train spain trains map pass timetables and fares spain overview spain s geography is quite unique in europe madrid its centrally located capital city stands surrounded by a host of regional capitals spread along the mediterranean and atlantic coasts renfe rail network map getspain spain com the official renfe website even when translated into english is not the easiest of sites to navigate over the years we have found that one of the most common searches people make about the renfe network is for renfe maps so that they can work out rail routes across spain