Italy is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Italian Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the center of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely moderate seasonal climate. The country covers an place of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares entre house borders following France, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). behind re 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous aficionado come clean of the European Union.
Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been home to a myriad of ancient peoples and cultures, the most predominant physical the Indo-European Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name. An Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic in the same way as a admin of the Senate and the People that expanded and conquered parts of Europe, North Africa and Asia. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant facility in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural, embassy and religious middle of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a period of more than 200 years during which Italy’s law, technology, economy, art, and literature developed. Italy remained the homeland of the Romans and the metropole of the empire, whose legacy can then be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments, Christianity and the Latin script.
During the at the forefront middle Ages, Italy endured sociopolitical collapse and barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous challenger city-states and maritime republics, mainly in the northern and central regions of Italy, rose to great riches through trade, commerce and banking, laying the groundwork for open-minded capitalism. The Renaissance began in Italy and progress to the get out of of Europe, bringing a renewed combination in humanism, science, exploration and art. Italian culture flourished, producing well-known scholars, artists and polymaths. During the middle Ages, Italian explorers discovered extra routes to the far East and the supplementary World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Nevertheless, Italy’s flyer and diplomatic aptitude significantly waned subsequent to the instigation of trade routes that bypassed the Mediterranean. Centuries of infighting with the Italian city-states, such as the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, left the region fragmented, and it was behind conquered and extra separated by European powers such as France, Spain and Austria.
By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism and calls for independence from foreign manage led to a era of rebellious embassy upheaval. After centuries of foreign domination and diplomatic division, Italy was as regards completely unified in 1861, establishing the Kingdom of Italy as a great power. From the tardy 19th century to the to the lead 20th century, Italy sharply industrialised, namely in the north, and acquired a colonial empire, while the south remained largely impoverished and excluded from industrialisation, fuelling a large and influential diaspora. Despite subconscious one of the main victors in World raid I, Italy entered a mature of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading to the rise of a fascist dictatorship in 1922. Participation in World battle II on the Axis side ended in military defeat, economic destruction and the Italian Civil War. in the manner of the liberation of Italy and the rise of the resistance, the country abolished the monarchy, established a democratic Republic and enjoyed a prolonged economic boom, becoming a very developed country.
Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world’s most culturally and economically militant countries, taking into consideration its economy ranking eighth-largest in the world and third in the Eurozone by nominal GDP. Italy has the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth, the third-largest central bank gold reserve, and a unconditionally tall simulation expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military, cultural and diplomatic affairs; it is both a regional capability and a great power, and is ranked the world’s eighth most-powerful military. Italy is a founding and leading aficionada of the European hold and a zealot of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7, the G20, the devotion for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, the Schengen place and many more. The country have greatly influenced and contributed to diverse fields, notably the arts, music, literature, philosophy, science and technology, fashion, cinema, cuisine, sports, as with ease as jurisprudence, banking and business. As a extra of its cultural wealth, Italy is home to the world’s largest number of World parentage Sites, and is the fifth-most visited country.
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stelvio pass google my maps driving directions to stelvio pass stilfs italy to stelvio pass stilfs italy driving directions to trafoi stilfs italien driving to the stelvio pass european drive guide maps at 2757 metres 9045 feet the stelvio pass in italy is the highest paved pass in the eastern alps and the second highest pass in the entire alp region map of passo dello stelvio viamichelin michelin route map of passo dello stelvio detailed map of passo dello stelvio are you looking for the map of passo dello stelvio find any address on the map of passo dello stelvio or calculate your itinerary to and from passo dello stelvio find all the tourist attractions and michelin guide restaurants in passo dello stelvio motorbike europe route stelvio pass italy built for riding the stelvio pass located in italy at 2 757m is the highest paved mountain pass in the eastern alps and the second highest in the alps with 48 hairpin turns on the northern side and 12 on the southern side this run takes you through fantastic stretches of alpine scenery and many beautiful kilometers of fast and sweeping stelvio pass italy the stelvio pass is located in the municipality of bormio and marks the border with the province of bolzano from the pass starts a cable car leading to the ski slopes of livrio summer paradise for skiers who can ski even in summer while the hundred turns on the three sides bormio trafoi and sta maria represent the myth for the cyclists cycling stelvio pass region italian alps your ultimate guide dreaming of cycling the stelvio pass click through for route guides gpx and maps for cycling stelvio pass gavia mortirolo and more everything you need to plan your trip stelvio pass alps map cycling routes climbs the stelvio pass or passo dello stelvio in italian is one of the few places on earth which most cyclists dream of it s the second highest mountain pass in the alps at 2758m only a dozen or so meters lower than col de l iseran 2 770m stelvio bike day scalata cima coppi 2019 in italy every year the road passo stelvio in italian alps is closed for traffic for a cycling day tens of thousands go for a bit strenuous and truly scenic bike ride up the mountain pass stelvio pass wikipedia the stelvio pass glacier in italy at an altitude of 3 450 metres 11 320 ft normally permits skiing year round but was closed to skiing for the first time in 90 years in august 2017 due to a heatwave beautiful places to see stelvio pass italy road of dream for the drivers from the eastern alps in italy the stelvio pass road connects the valtellina with merano and the upper adige valley this is the second highest paved mounta