Italy is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Italian Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely teetotal seasonal climate. The country covers an place of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares contact land borders past France, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). subsequent to roughly 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous supporter state of the European Union.
Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been house to a myriad of ancient peoples and cultures, the most predominant monster the Indo-European Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name. An Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic similar to a dispensation of the Senate and the People that expanded and conquered parts of Europe, North Africa and Asia. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant gift in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural, embassy and religious middle of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a mature of more than 200 years during which Italy’s law, technology, economy, art, and literature developed. Italy remained the homeland of the Romans and the metropole of the empire, whose legacy can as well as be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments, Christianity and the Latin script.
During the upfront center Ages, Italy endured sociopolitical collapse and barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous challenger city-states and maritime republics, mainly in the northern and central regions of Italy, rose to good wealth through trade, commerce and banking, laying the groundwork for protester capitalism. The Renaissance began in Italy and expand to the burning of Europe, bringing a renewed interest in humanism, science, exploration and art. Italian culture flourished, producing famous scholars, artists and polymaths. During the center Ages, Italian explorers discovered extra routes to the far-off East and the further World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Nevertheless, Italy’s announcement and diplomatic talent significantly waned gone the initiation of trade routes that bypassed the Mediterranean. Centuries of infighting between the Italian city-states, such as the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, left the region fragmented, and it was later than conquered and further at odds by European powers such as France, Spain and Austria.
By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism and calls for independence from foreign rule led to a period of disordered political upheaval. After centuries of foreign domination and embassy division, Italy was vis–vis extremely unified in 1861, establishing the Kingdom of Italy as a great power. From the tardy 19th century to the before 20th century, Italy sharply industrialised, namely in the north, and acquired a colonial empire, though the south remained largely impoverished and excluded from industrialisation, fuelling a large and influential diaspora. Despite subconscious one of the main victors in World case I, Italy entered a epoch of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading to the rise of a fascist dictatorship in 1922. Participation in World charge II upon the Axis side curtains in military defeat, economic destruction and the Italian Civil War. later than the liberation of Italy and the rise of the resistance, the country abolished the monarchy, traditional a democratic Republic and enjoyed a prolonged economic boom, becoming a extremely developed country.
Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world’s most culturally and economically innovative countries, following its economy ranking eighth-largest in the world and third in the Eurozone by nominal GDP. Italy has the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth, the third-largest central bank gold reserve, and a unconditionally tall enthusiasm expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military, cultural and diplomatic affairs; it is both a regional capacity and a great power, and is ranked the world’s eighth most-powerful military. Italy is a founding and leading fanatic of the European grip and a devotee of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7, the G20, the hold for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, the Schengen area and many more. The country have greatly influenced and contributed to diverse fields, notably the arts, music, literature, philosophy, science and technology, fashion, cinema, cuisine, sports, as skillfully as jurisprudence, banking and business. As a reflection of its cultural wealth, Italy is house to the world’s largest number of World heritage Sites, and is the fifth-most visited country.
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san marino map italy mapcarta san marino on the italian peninsula is one of the world s smallest sovereign countries and claims to be the world s oldest republic the country bears the name of saint marinus a christian stonemason who is said to have founded the country in 301 ad san marino map geography of san marino map of san san marino s constitution was enacted in 1600 and to this day remains the world s oldest constitution still in use during the late 19th century italy went through a phase of unification wherein san marino became a place of refuge for many displaced italians persecuted for their support of the cause karte stadtplan san marino viamichelin sie suchen die karte oder den stadtplan von san marino viamichelin bietet ihnen die michelin karte san marino mit massstab 1 1 000 000 bis 1 200 000 orientierung karte reise nach san marino planen san marino stadtplan zur orientierung die interessantesten sehenswurdigkeiten der republik auf einen blick san marino im uberblick um eine tour durch die kleinste und alteste republik der welt in vollen zugen geniessen zu konnen ist eine gute vorbereitung von noten san marino wikipedia san marino amtlich republik san marino italienisch repubblica di san marino beiname la serenissima die allerdurchlauchteste ist die vermutlich alteste bestehende republik der welt mit einer geschichte die angeblich bis auf das jahr 301 mit der grundung durch den heiligen marinus zuruckgeht san marino travel tourist guide italy heaven san marino is an independent republic enclosed within italy it lies near the adriatic coast in central italy between the borders of the emilia romagna and le marche regions the italian language is spoken and you don t need a passport to enter the little country san marino travel lonely planet of earth s 196 independent countries san marino is the fifth smallest and arguably the most curious how it exists at all is something of an enigma a sole survivor of italy s once powerful city state network this landlocked micronation clung on long after the more powerful kingdoms of san marino wikipedia san marino ˌ s ae n m ə ˈ r iː n oʊ italian sam maˈriːno officially the republic of san marino italian repubblica di san marino also known as the most serene republic of san marino italian serenissima repubblica di san marino is an enclaved small sized country surrounded by italy situated on the italian peninsula on the northeastern side of the apennine mountains 10 top tourist attractions in san marino easy day trips written by barbara radcliffe rogers san marino only 61 square kilometers in size the little republic of san marino is independent with its own government and laws even though it is completely surrounded by italy