France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories augment French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a collective place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic afterward its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. supplementary major urban areas combine Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the dawn of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The agreement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capacity in the late middle Ages, like its victory in the Hundred Years’ charge (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars together with Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military gift in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French lawlessness overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of enlightened history’s dated republics and drafting the support of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took gift and standard the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. subsequently the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous taking over of governments culminating past the inauguration of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World skirmish I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World feat II, but came under bustle by the Axis powers in 1940. following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was normal and forward-thinking dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the additional colonies became independent in the 1960s, taking into account most retaining near economic and military contacts in imitation of France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World lineage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving vis–vis 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country behind the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capacity parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs capably in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great faculty in global affairs, living thing one of the five enduring members of the allied Nations Security Council in the manner of the capacity to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading enthusiast make a clean breast of the European union and the Eurozone, and a zealot of the society of 7, North Atlantic pact organization (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and improvement (OECD), the World Trade processing (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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tour de france 2017 route stage 11 eymet pau wednesday 12 july 2017 at around 200 kilometres stage 11 in the tour de france travels from eymet to pau this might by the gateway to the pyrenees the route is tailor made for fast finishers tour de france 2018 route stage 11 albertville la rosiere wednesday 18 july 2018 at 108 5 kilometres the 11th stage of the tour de france runs to a summit finish in ski resort la rosiere the riders start in albertville to tackle montee de bisanne col du pre and cormet de roselend as intermediate climbs tour de france 2019 route map stage profiles dates and tour de france 2019 route map stage profiles dates and distance the 2019 tour de france will begin in belgium on 6 july here s what you need to know about all the sages from distance to stage 11 albi toulouse tour de france 2019 caleb ewan pockets first tour de france triumph caleb ewan claimed his first tour de france victory on stage 11 in toulouse making it ten different winners of the first ten individual stages this year stage 11 tour de france 2018 speedyhedgehog com stage 11 of the tour de france 2018 is 108 5km from albertville to la rosiere espace san bernado climbs include the montee de bisanne the col du pre the cormet de roselend and the climb to the finish at la rosiere tour de france 2019 route stage by stage guide stages 11 and 12 will be two of the most accessible stages for spectating at this year s tour de france toulouse offers excellent transport links with an airport as well as a fast tgv train link to paris this stage itself will be flat and probably best caught as a stage start or end or on a roadside with the locals just out of town official route of tour de france 2019 map the 2019 tour will go through two countries belgium and france it will visit the three belgian regions bruxelles capitale flanders and wallonia and 37 departments of france tour de france 2019 stage by stage guide route map stage by stage guide to the 2019 tour de france 1 52 2019 tour de france the route from brussels to paris via the pyrenees and the alps in what has been dubbed the highest race in history tour de france 2019 stage 11 preview cyclingnews com find out the latest news stage reports race scores and expert analysis from the 2019 tour de france stage 11 cyclingnews com the world centre of cycling the tour de france 2019 in english route and map it is also being billed as the highest tour de france ever with most of the route taking riders through the upland areas of southern france see stage details below tour de france route map by about france com