France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories add up French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a cumulative place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic when its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and announcement centre. further major urban areas append Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the dawn of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The pact of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European gift in the late middle Ages, like its victory in the Hundred Years’ prosecution (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military talent in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French chaos overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of highly developed history’s antique republics and drafting the avowal of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took talent and customary the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. in imitation of the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous taking office of governments culminating considering the foundation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World fighting I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World feat II, but came under bustle by the Axis powers in 1940. bearing in mind liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was customary and well ahead dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the extra colonies became independent in the 1960s, in the same way as most retaining close economic and military connections as soon as France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World stock Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving concerning 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country like the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capability parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs without difficulty in international rankings of education, health care, enthusiasm expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great knack in global affairs, bodily one of the five unshakable members of the associated Nations Security Council similar to the knack to veto and an ascribed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member state of the European devotion and the Eurozone, and a devotee of the outfit of 7, North Atlantic agreement paperwork (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and improvement (OECD), the World Trade management (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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france map of vineyards wine regions wine map of france france vineyards cover 787 000 hectares it has the third largest vineyard in the world after china second now and still growing map of france wine regions wine paths france is a country synonymous with fine wine and as any map of french wine regions will show there are vineyards scattered throughout a country that is responsible for producing between seven and eight billion bottles a year map of french vineyards wine growing areas of france there are vineyards in most regions of france as this wine map of france clearly shows there are vineyards throughout france while three areas champagne burgundy and bordeaux enjoy worldwide recognition on account of their historic tradition for fine wines there is actually commercial production of wine in every region of france except wine map of france discover the wine regions of france many visitors to france like to see a vineyard or visit the occasional wine chateaux for a little sampling of the local produce while many wine enthusiasts make an entire visit planned around visiting the vineyards of their selected region french wine exploration map wine folly malbec despite the region s large size the wines of south west are still being discovered outside of france one notable find is cahors which is the origin place of malbec wines are medium bodied with notes of cherries and plums with softer tannins and subtle notes of dried leaves map of france france regions rough guides regions of france click the links below to find out about your chosen region regional map of france europe travel the loire in the centre region not only produces some of france s finest wines but there are very popular chateaux the plural of chateau to visit visiting the wine regions of france tripsavvy if you have tipped a glass of wine in the last decade or at least watched an old black and white movie featuring rich folks you re likely to have heard the names of at least three of france s great wine regions burgundy champagne and bordeaux