France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories append French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a collective area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic behind its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and personal ad centre. supplementary major urban areas complement Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the introduction of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The agreement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European knack in the tardy center Ages, as soon as its victory in the Hundred Years’ fighting (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amongst Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military talent in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French chaos overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of modern history’s early republics and drafting the upholding of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took faculty and expected the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. with the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous attainment of governments culminating subsequent to the foundation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World battle I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World charge II, but came under action by the Axis powers in 1940. past liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was customary and complex dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately all the additional colonies became independent in the 1960s, afterward most retaining near economic and military contacts in the same way as France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World parentage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving approximately 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country in the same way as the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capacity parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs competently in international rankings of education, health care, energy expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good facility in global affairs, physical one of the five long-lasting members of the united Nations Security Council considering the skill to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading believer state of the European bond and the Eurozone, and a devotee of the activity of 7, North Atlantic settlement management (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and move ahead (OECD), the World Trade processing (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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tourist map of france the best places to see a carefully selected tourism map of france discover the best places to visit in france not just the most popular ones as well as locating the best big tourist cities this map shows the most interesting and attractive smaller cities interesting small towns many of them well off the usual tourist trails a choice of the most beautiful map of france france regions rough guides use rough guides maps to explore all the regions of france from the tempting smell of freshly baked baguettes and the first sip of fruity beaujolais to the bustle of colourful markets and the sight of locals playing petanque in the village square france is bursting with iconic images and delicious cuisine detailed road map of france about france com explore france and check out national and local routes in detail with this zoomable map to save and print any detailed map take a screenshot of the selected area and save it as an image to save and print any detailed map take a screenshot of the selected area and save it as an image map of french campsites in france by region eutouring com french campsites in france by region click on our regional map of french campsites in france to find the right campsite for your next family camping holiday in france or you can also use the descriptive links below tourist information for france the regions of france tourist information for france use the interactive french map to tour france by car click on links to the region of your choice for more tourist information cycling routes and bike maps in and around france before starting your bike trip through france prepare by finding the best cycle routes through france with the help of the bikemap bike route planner as france offers a sheer unlimited variety of cycling routes amazon co uk touring map of france france route planning 2019 michelin national map 726 michelin national maps 9 stop tour of the south of france tripsavvy com nice is one of france s great cities and with its wonderful mix of urban and the seaside makes a grand introduction to the tour the city has a delightful old town one of the best daily markets in the south of france good art museums in and around the city and very good french and italian cuisine self drive touring holidays in france luxury french self drive touring holidays in france allowing you to discover the stunning scenery as you explore by car travel to france by ferry or eurotunnel then drive around in your own car and stay at luxurious hotels find the best touring caravan sites in france pitchup find and book touring caravan sites and touring pitches in france from 5 15 nt choose the best deal with no fees and instant confirmation thousands of reviews with easy booking