Europe is a continent located extremely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost ration of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be estranged from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies creature geography, the estate connect is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several become old previously its first conception in classical antiquity. The distancing of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which correct on a spectrum rather than subsequent to a bright dividing line. The geographic link up between Europe and Asia does not follow any declare boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and united Kingdom are also transcontinental in that the main allowance is in Europe though pockets of their territory are located in further continents.
Europe covers about 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of estate area). Politically, Europe is on bad terms into very nearly fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of roughly 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. new from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration mature marked the stop of ancient chronicles and the coming on of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the ahead of its time era. previously the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. in the company of the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various times the Americas, regarding every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French chaos and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to highly developed economic, cultural and social change in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most part in Europe, contributing to a stop in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet linkage and the associated States took prominence. During the frosty War, Europe was estranged along the Iron Curtain amongst NATO in the West and the Warsaw pact in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, following a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, afterward the idea of unifying Europe to accomplish common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. supplementary European integration by some states led to the formation of the European grip (EU), a cut off embassy entity that lies in the midst of a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward previously the fall of the Soviet union in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used accompanied by Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes be close to and immigration controls among most of its aficionado states.
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romania transylvania google my maps the eastern european country of romania the historical region of transylvania is shown in blue transylvania map romania mapcarta transylvania is the largest region of romania and probably the best known one transylvania from mapcarta the free map map of romania romania regions rough guides plan your trip around romania with interactive travel maps from rough guides use rough guides maps to explore all the regions of romania transylvania wikipedia transylvania has a very rich and unique religious history from the other regions of europe since the protestant reformation different christian denominations have been coexisting in this religious melting pot including romanian orthodox romanian greek catholic other eastern orthodox roman catholic lutheran reformed and unitarian branches transylvania map highlights helping dreamers do transylvania map highlights find out how to make the most of your time in transylvania as you take a look at our map highlights page and discover the delights of biertan bran and brasov as well as how to volunteer with the bears at the libearty sanctuary atlas of transylvania wikimedia commons history maps this section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present day transylvania illustrated with maps including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present day transylvania romania map geography of romania map of romania by the middle of the 16th century hungary and most of the balkan peninsula including romania s historical regions of moldavia northeast transylvania central and wallachia in the south were under varied levels of ottoman turkish control transylvania romania travel and tourism information transylvania romania romanian national tourist office information website regarding travel to romania provides travel information brochures maps and pictures for romania transylvania trains hotels and attractions 10 things you need to know before visiting transylvania travelling around transylvania described as the last truly medieval landscape in europe feels like you ve gone back 100 years horse drawn carts rumble along dirt roads while shepherds tend their flocks and villagers make hay in the sunshine history of transylvania wikipedia during their reign transylvania was one of the few european countries where roman catholics calvinists lutherans and unitarians lived in mutual tolerance all officially accepted religions religiones recaepte the orthodox however still had inferior status