France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories affix French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a entire sum place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic like its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and public notice centre. other major urban areas enhance Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the coming on of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The concurrence of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European power in the tardy middle Ages, like its victory in the Hundred Years’ conflict (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars surrounded by Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capability in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French chaos overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of advocate history’s earliest republics and drafting the avowal of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took faculty and normal the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. subsequent to the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous taking over of governments culminating in the manner of the opening of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World accomplishment I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World clash II, but came below pastime by the Axis powers in 1940. behind liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was time-honored and difficult dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the extra colonies became independent in the 1960s, past most retaining close economic and military connections in the same way as France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World parentage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving in this area 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country next the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing facility parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs capably in international rankings of education, health care, moving picture expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great capability in global affairs, physical one of the five steadfast members of the associated Nations Security Council in the manner of the skill to veto and an recognized nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member state of the European devotion and the Eurozone, and a devotee of the bureau of 7, North Atlantic unity organization (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and momentum (OECD), the World Trade executive (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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maps and guides walkinginfrance info the best maps of all are the ign top 25 series with a scale of 1 25 000 which is 4 cm 1 km on these all marked walking tracks camping grounds and even the tiniest paths are shown the drawback is that you would need a huge stack of them for any reasonably long walk france walking maps stanfords discover the new double sided laminated edition of top100 road maps of france from the institut geographique national ign exceptionally detailed contoured road maps which include the cycle paths and greenways of the af3v french association for the development of cycle paths and greenways ideal for exploring the french countryside by car walking france trails and trail maps for hiking in france ign green maps scale 1 100 000 can be useful for planning but you ll want to buy the very detailed the ign 1 25 000 blue series for serious walking ign maps aren t commonly available in the us they are easily purchased in newsstands and tobacco stores in france however french walking maps themapcentre com ign blue and top 25 1 25 000 ign are the french equivalent of ordnance survey their 1 25 000 maps are superbly detailed and a must for anyone wanting to explore the french countryside they are simply the best french walking maps ign maps of france walkingclub org uk move the map to my location tweets and instagrams near here show waypoints with distances coordinates click the map not on a line or marker to update the os and gps coordinates os legend os 1 25k legend pdf os 1 50k legend pdf maps of paris for tourists downloadable online printable the ultimate google paris metro map satellite photo of paris overlaid with metro routes zoom in to building level so it s great for checking out the whole city and ideal for tourists french walking maps and walking guides france to buy french walking maps and guides to buy online ign top25 and serie bleue maps cover the country at 1 25 000 scale rando editions available at 1 50 000 scale for the pyrennes and part of the alps and libris publish 1 60 000 scale for the alps and corsica france maps travel guides stanfords this is a beautiful and unique wrapping paper featuring a map of france circa 1830 from cavallini co measuring 51x71cm 20 x28 it is printed on thick acid free italian paper free online topographic maps for hiking dzjow s hiking maps are off course essential for planning a trip while in the old days you had to buy a paper map first before you could start with planning your trip in detail today you can already start planning your trip entirely from your computer screen for many regions in the world google maps find local businesses view maps and get driving directions in google maps