Texas is the second largest own up in the joined States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders in imitation of the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, supplementary Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Len, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, and has a coastline taking into account the void of Mexico to the southeast.
Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth largest in the U.S., though San Antonio is the second-most populous in the let in and seventh largest in the U.S. DallasFort Worth and Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest metropolitan statistical areas in the country, respectively. new major cities count Austin, the second-most populous allow in capital in the U.S., and El Paso. Texas is nicknamed “The Lone Star State” to signify its former status as an independent republic, and as a reminder of the state’s worry for independence from Mexico. The “Lone Star” can be found upon the Texas disclose flag and on the Texan confess seal. The extraction of Texas’s herald is from the word taysha, which means “friends” in the Caddo language.
Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse landscapes common to both the U.S. Southern and Southwestern regions. Although Texas is popularly united when the U.S. southwestern deserts, less than 10% of Texas’s land area is desert. Most of the population centers are in areas of former prairies, grasslands, forests, and the coastline. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, and finally the desert and mountains of the big Bend.
The term “six flags over Texas” refers to several nations that have ruled higher than the territory. Spain was the first European country to affirmation the area of Texas. France held a short-lived colony. Mexico controlled the territory until 1836 in the manner of Texas won its independence, becoming an independent Republic. In 1845, Texas united the hold as the 28th state. The state’s annexation set off a chain of activities that led to the MexicanAmerican fighting in 1846. A slave declare back the American Civil War, Texas acknowledged its secession from the U.S. in in the future 1861, and officially joined the Confederate States of America upon March 2nd of the same year. After the Civil raid and the restoration of its representation in the federal government, Texas entered a long era of economic stagnation.
Historically four major industries shaped the Texas economy prior to World charge II: cattle and bison, cotton, timber, and oil. before and after the U.S. Civil encounter the cattle industry, which Texas came to dominate, was a major economic driver for the state, fittingly creating the acknowledged image of the Texas cowboy. In the forward-thinking 19th century cotton and lumber grew to be major industries as the cattle industry became less lucrative. It was ultimately, though, the discovery of major petroleum deposits (Spindletop in particular) that initiated an economic boom which became the driving force astern the economy for much of the 20th century. past strong investments in universities, Texas developed a diversified economy and tall tech industry in the mid-20th century. As of 2015, it is second upon the list of the most Fortune 500 companies in the same way as 54. subsequently a growing base of industry, the let pass leads in many industries, including agriculture, petrochemicals, energy, computers and electronics, aerospace, and biomedical sciences. Texas has led the U.S. in state export revenue previously 2002, and has the second-highest terrifying allow in product. If Texas were a sovereign state, it would be the 10th largest economy in the world.
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