Europe is a continent located very in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost ration of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be on bad terms from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies brute geography, the house be close to is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several era past its first conception in classical antiquity. The estrangement of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which change upon a spectrum rather than gone a bright dividing line. The geographic connect surrounded by Europe and Asia does not follow any divulge boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and joined Kingdom are afterward transcontinental in that the main allocation is in Europe though pockets of their territory are located in extra continents.
Europe covers very nearly 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of estate area). Politically, Europe is divided into not quite fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of not quite 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. extra from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration times marked the end of ancient chronicles and the introduction of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the advocate era. in the past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. between the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various mature the Americas, on the order of all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French rebellion and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to campaigner economic, cultural and social amend in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most allocation in Europe, contributing to a decrease in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet bond and the joined States took prominence. During the cold War, Europe was at odds along the Iron Curtain between NATO in the West and the Warsaw deal in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, later than a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, in the same way as the idea of unifying Europe to attain common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. extra European integration by some states led to the formation of the European grip (EU), a surgically remove political entity that lies amid a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward in the past the fall of the Soviet sticking together in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the midst of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes connect and immigration controls among most of its believer states.
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europe complete maps record 31 to 40 of 121 historic and contemporary maps of europe including physical and political maps early history and empires wwi maps climate maps relief maps vegetation maps population density and distribution maps cultural maps and economic resource maps world 1880 mapchart historical map chart create your own free custom historical map of the world in 1880 color each single country or focus on regions like europe map 1880 to 1889 europe library of congress map of cook s tours in central europe catalog record only scale ca 1 3 600 000 map available online 1880 to 1889 europe library of includes 4 ancillary maps stamped in black ink in lower margin 626888 n 41 available also through the library of congress web site as a raster image stamped in black ink in lower margin 626888 n 41 old maps of europe old maps of europe on old maps online discover the past of europe on historical maps euratlas periodis web map of europe in year 1800 online historical atlas showing a map of europe at the end of each century from year 1 to year 2000 complete map of europe in year 1800 historical maps of europe alabama maps physical and political map of europe publication info cincinnati van antwerp bragg and co from an intermediate geography with lessons in map drawing 1877 atlas of european history wikimedia commons history maps this section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present day europe illustrated with maps including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present day europe europe 1870 outbreak of the franco prussian war omniatlas historical map of europe the mediterranean 1 september 1870 outbreak of the franco prussian war in 1870 a prussian prince accepted the spanish throne outraged the french made the prince back down then tried to pressure the king of prussia to never permit a spanish candidacy bismarck immediately released this discussion to the press map of europe 1871 1914 emersonkent com map description historical map of europe 1871 1914 illustrating the triple alliance german empire austria hungary italy the triple entente