Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory as well as includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera make Spain the abandoned European country to have a inborn link up as soon as an African country (Morocco). Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are then part of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a little land boundary next Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the recess of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an place of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; further major urban areas tally up Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula just about 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along later ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came under Roman declare on 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician publicize Sp(a)n or Spania. At the stop of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and traditional relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly mingle all remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was subsequently documented as Hispania.
In the in front eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to declare most of the peninsula in the year 726, rejection by yourself a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting stirring to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering epoch across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the start of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to viewpoint the invasion. when the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the tardy 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country below the Catholic Monarchs.
In the prematurely ahead of its time period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, rejection a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken original language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were then many advancements in the arts, following world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most renowned Spanish literary work, Don Quixote, was also published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World origin Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, in the same way as King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a high pension country, as soon as the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity. It is a supporter of the united Nations (UN), the European devotion (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the running of Ibero-American States (OEI), the union for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic treaty running (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and improvement (OECD), meting out for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade processing (WTO) and many other international organisations. while not an qualified member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto advocate of the group.
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