Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory plus includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera make Spain the abandoned European country to have a being affix following an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are also ration of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary later than Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an place of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; other major urban areas increase Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula roughly speaking 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along behind ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came below Roman consider approximately 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician state Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and customary relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly unite every steadfast independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally every the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was next documented as Hispania.
In the in advance eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to judge most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving behind single-handedly a handful of little Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering grow old across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the establishment of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to turn the invasion. behind the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the tardy 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country below the Catholic Monarchs.
In the prematurely open-minded period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, desertion a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken original language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were furthermore many advancements in the arts, in the same way as world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most famous Spanish educational work, Don Quixote, was moreover published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World extraction Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, as soon as King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a high pension country, later than the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing skill parity. It is a zealot of the joined Nations (UN), the European sticking together (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the processing of Ibero-American States (OEI), the grip for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic agreement paperwork (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and go forward (OECD), organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade dealing out (WTO) and many new international organisations. though not an ascribed member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto supporter of the group.
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large detailed map of basque country with cities and towns description this map shows highways main roads secondary roads railroads cities towns villages seaports airports museums beaches national parks points of basque country map spain mapcarta the basque country is a region in spain the name can also refer to all the land of the basques from a historical cultural linguistic and identity standpoint basque country greater region wikipedia the southern basque country known in basque as hegoalde literally the southern part is the part of the basque region that lies completely within spain and as such it is frequently also known as spanish basque country pais vasco espanol in spanish it is the largest and most populated part of the basque country it includes two find out everything on the maps in the basque country find out everything on the maps where you will find the most comprehensive information to visit euskadi enjoy rural tourism in the basque country leisure gastronomy culture and fiestas discover the most emblematic areas such as rioja alavesa spain basque region map vitoria spain mappery map shows parks roads and cities for the basque region of spain an overview of basque country thoughtco com the basque autonomous community in spain is divided into three provinces araba bizkaia and gipuzkoa the capital and home of the basque parliament is vitoria gasteiz other large cities include bilbao and san sebastian in france many basques live near biarritz map of basque country hotels and attractions on a basque map of basque country area hotels locate basque country hotels on a map based on popularity price or availability and see tripadvisor reviews photos and deals basque country travel spain lonely planet no matter where you ve just come from be it the hot southern plains of spain or gentle and pristine france the basque country is different basque country autonomous community wikipedia the term basque country may also refer to the larger cultural region basque euskal herria the home of the basque people which includes the autonomous community contents 1 geography 10 reasons to visit basque country lonely planet basque country in case you haven t heard isn t like the rest of spain proudly perched on the northern atlantic coast near the border of france the fabled region locally known as euskadi or pais vasco has its own language its own culinary traditions and a distinctive geographic and cultural landscape