Italy is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Italian Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely self-denying seasonal climate. The country covers an area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares open land borders with France, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). once in the region of 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous supporter give access of the European Union.
Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been home to a myriad of ancient peoples and cultures, the most predominant physical the Indo-European Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name. An Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic as soon as a doling out of the Senate and the People that expanded and conquered parts of Europe, North Africa and Asia. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant skill in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural, political and religious centre of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a mature of more than 200 years during which Italy’s law, technology, economy, art, and literature developed. Italy remained the homeland of the Romans and the metropole of the empire, whose legacy can afterward be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments, Christianity and the Latin script.
During the in the future middle Ages, Italy endured sociopolitical collapse and barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous opposition city-states and maritime republics, mainly in the northern and central regions of Italy, rose to great wealth through trade, commerce and banking, laying the groundwork for campaigner capitalism. The Renaissance began in Italy and progress to the in flames of Europe, bringing a renewed captivation in humanism, science, exploration and art. Italian culture flourished, producing renowned scholars, artists and polymaths. During the center Ages, Italian explorers discovered extra routes to the far afield East and the new World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Nevertheless, Italy’s commercial and political power significantly waned as soon as the establishment of trade routes that bypassed the Mediterranean. Centuries of infighting amid the Italian city-states, such as the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, left the region fragmented, and it was in the manner of conquered and additional separated by European powers such as France, Spain and Austria.
By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism and calls for independence from foreign govern led to a get older of chaotic political upheaval. After centuries of foreign domination and embassy division, Italy was on certainly unified in 1861, establishing the Kingdom of Italy as a good power. From the late 19th century to the yet to be 20th century, Italy suddenly industrialised, namely in the north, and acquired a colonial empire, even if the south remained largely impoverished and excluded from industrialisation, fuelling a large and influential diaspora. Despite bodily one of the main victors in World conflict I, Italy entered a become old of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading to the rise of a fascist totalitarianism in 1922. Participation in World battle II upon the Axis side the end in military defeat, economic destruction and the Italian Civil War. later than the liberation of Italy and the rise of the resistance, the country abolished the monarchy, established a democratic Republic and enjoyed a prolonged economic boom, becoming a very developed country.
Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world’s most culturally and economically militant countries, subsequently its economy ranking eighth-largest in the world and third in the Eurozone by nominal GDP. Italy has the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth, the third-largest central bank gold reserve, and a unconditionally high cartoon expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military, cultural and political affairs; it is both a regional power and a great power, and is ranked the world’s eighth most-powerful military. Italy is a founding and leading aficionado of the European grip and a supporter of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7, the G20, the grip for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, the Schengen area and many more. The country have greatly influenced and contributed to diverse fields, notably the arts, music, literature, philosophy, science and technology, fashion, cinema, cuisine, sports, as well as jurisprudence, banking and business. As a postscript of its cultural wealth, Italy is house to the world’s largest number of World pedigree Sites, and is the fifth-most visited country.
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cannae battlefield italy trip historic cannae battlefield tourist information and visitor info includes history map opening times and ticket prices map of the battle of cannae 216 bc emersonkent com map description historical map of cannae in 216 bc southeast italy illustrating the second punic war the battle of cannae august 2 216 bc battle of cannae wikipedia the battle of cannae ˈ k ae n i eɪ aɪ was a major battle of the second punic war that took place on 2 august 216 bc in apulia in southeast italy battle of cannae 216 bc emersonkent com cannae was an ancient town in southern italy see map location above the flat plain of cannae was perfect for cavalry warfare image gallery cannae italy keywordsuggest org using our free seo keyword suggest keyword analyzer you can run the keyword analysis cannae italy in detail in this section you can find synonyms for the word cannae italy similar queries as well as a gallery of images showing the full picture of possible uses for this word expressions the battlefield of cannae a site visit battles and book the battlefield of cannae a site visit regional view of where cannae is at the battle of cannae in 212 b c is perhaps the platonic ideal of what a decisive victory should look like battle of cannae ancient history encyclopedia at the battle of cannae in 216 bce he then invaded northern italy by marching his army across the alps from spain once descended onto the plains he began advancing through roman territory taking small cities and villages and defeating roman forces twice once at trebia at the ticino river and again at lake trasimene by 217 bce hannibal held all of northern italy and the roman senate 10 things you should know about the battle of cannae and thus ended the epoch of hannibal in italy paradoxically brought on by his incredible victory at the battle of cannae honorable mention gisgo and hannibal s retort in the previous entries we talked about the massive number of casualties suffered by the romans at the battle of cannae ancient rome s darkest day the battle of cannae history he continued to maraud through italy for several years in search of a second cannae but his isolated army slowly withered away after not enough of rome s allies rallied to his cause the romans map of italy italy regions rough guides use rough guides maps to explore all the regions of italy italy is the world s most celebrated tourist destination its magnificent cities rome florence venice and naples are full of iconic sights while its scenery from the snow clad dolomites to the glorious beaches of sardinia is simply breathtaking and its cuisine beyond compare