France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories improve French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a total area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic when its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and want ad centre. other major urban areas supplement Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the start of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The concurrence of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European power in the tardy middle Ages, bearing in mind its victory in the Hundred Years’ proceedings (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capability in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of open-minded history’s early republics and drafting the avowal of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took talent and received the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. gone the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous taking over of governments culminating behind the opening of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World dogfight I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World war II, but came below goings-on by the Axis powers in 1940. gone liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was time-honored and sophisticated dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the additional colonies became independent in the 1960s, taking into consideration most retaining close economic and military connections taking into account France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World parentage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving almost 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country in imitation of the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing faculty parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs without difficulty in international rankings of education, health care, cartoon expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good knack in global affairs, inborn one of the five enduring members of the united Nations Security Council in the same way as the capability to veto and an certified nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading advocate welcome of the European bond and the Eurozone, and a member of the organization of 7, North Atlantic pact presidency (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and expansion (OECD), the World Trade processing (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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interactive map of french railway network sncf reseau home our railway maps interactive map of french railway network interactive map of french railway network join us on social media french railway network map about france com travel rail map of france book french and european train tickets online for individual tickets about france com works with trainline com to bring you point to point tickets in france and europe for no extra fee no surcharge and full options including travel card holder discounts railway maps of france ferrocarta net select an area on the map of france to view a detailed map of that region by clicking on a blue city name you can access directly to a map of urban transport for that city train france trains map pass timetables and fares overview france s high speed rail network also connects to neighboring countries all major french cities are connected by tgv the high speed train network which travels at speeds nearly 200 mph considering that france is the size of texas your destinations are now just a whirl away railways and train stations map for south france france map of railways and train stations map in south france travel guide property for sale maps and information for france and south france mediterranean europe france rail map french train itineraries mapping france taking the train in france is convenient easy and now very very fast on most lines below is a map of the major rail lines in france france rail travel toolbox map of tgv train routes and destinations in france the tgv trains a grande vitesse is the express trains of france and connect the major cities of france as well as continuing through to other neighboring european countries that border france of luxembourg belgium spain italy germany and switzerland france railways map and french train travel information france has an up to date rail system which includes abundant high speed rail lines using the rail map below you can find the major rail lines to plan your french vacation and get information on the rail passes available to the tourist in france train to the south of france london to provence eurostar take the train to the south of france travel to the med direct on eurostar to marseille in just over 6 hrs 30 mins or get off at avignon to explore provence it s the perfect hassle free option for families and people who prefer to travel in style and comfort map of the south of france with full french riviera map south of france the south of france is often referred to as le midi and includes the wonderful area of provence and of course the french riviera or cote d azur the centre of provence is to be found around the areas of aix marseille and avignon whereas the riviera is the strip of coast around nice and cannes