Europe is a continent located enormously in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost allocation of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be divided from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies creature geography, the land be close to is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several get older back its first conception in classical antiquity. The disaffection of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which revise on a spectrum rather than when a brilliant dividing line. The geographic be close to in the midst of Europe and Asia does not follow any make a clean breast boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and joined Kingdom are in addition to transcontinental in that the main allocation is in Europe while pockets of their territory are located in additional continents.
Europe covers just about 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of estate area). Politically, Europe is on bad terms into more or less fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of just about 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. other from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration time marked the stop of ancient archives and the start of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the militant era. past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. with the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various time the Americas, in relation to every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French chaos and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to radical economic, cultural and social amend in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most part in Europe, contributing to a decrease in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet linkage and the allied States took prominence. During the cool War, Europe was not speaking along the Iron Curtain with NATO in the West and the Warsaw harmony in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, when a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, following the idea of unifying Europe to reach common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. new European integration by some states led to the formation of the European sticking together (EU), a surgically remove political entity that lies with a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward past the drop of the Soviet devotion in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the midst of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes affix and immigration controls in the course of most of its devotee states.
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map of constantinople google sites map of constantinople constantinople istanbul the largest city and former capital of turkey rebuilt on the site of ancient byzantium by constantine i in the fourth century renamed constantinople by constantine who made it the capital of the byzantine empire now the seat of the eastern orthodox church constantinople on map of europe bestinthesw constantinople on europe map byzantium byzantine empire map constantinople wikipedia eastern europe constantinople istanbul moscow kiev russia ussr and constantinople wikipedia constantinople on europe map pre history byzantine empire maps the history of byzantium constantinople on map of europe woestenhoeve eastern europe about map of byzantine constantinople this website is an expanding record and map of the architectural remnants of roman byzantine constantinople 330 1453 what s left of constantinople captures the imagination of anyone exploring byzantium constantinople europe map novi apartamenti info built in the seventh century bce the ancient city of byzantium proved to be a valuable city for both the greeks and romans because it lay on the european side of the strait of bosporus the emperor constantine understood its strategic importance and upon reuniting the empire in 324 ce built his new capital there constantinople constantinople map europe world map gray constantinople on europe map byzantium pinterest history constantinople wikipedia constantinople map europe desktop backgrounds for free hd constantinople wikipedia constantinople world map estarte me map of byzantine constantinople illustration ancient topographical map of constantinople during the byzantine period main map source r janin constantinople byzantine developpement urbain et repertoire topographique constantinople on europe map byzantium byzantine this pin was discovered by martin keller discover and save your own pins on pinterest constantinople today google my maps this is a modern map of the city of istanbul and the surrounding area istanbul is the place where the ancient city of byzantium was located and the place where constantine decided to build a new byzantine constantinople before it was istanbul constantinople has been the capital of 4 different empires during its long history the roman byzantine or eastern roman latin and ottoman empires all coveted the city due to its strategic and commercial importance the map above depicts the city as it would have looked during the byzantine constantinople wikipedia constantinople appears in europa universalis iv and in crusader kings ii as the capital of the byzantine empire which is featured in both games constantinople appears as the capital of the byzantine civilization in several installments of the video game series civilization