France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories insert French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a collective place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic following its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and poster centre. further major urban areas count Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the start of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The harmony of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European gift in the late center Ages, in imitation of its victory in the Hundred Years’ court case (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amongst Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capability in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French revolution overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of futuristic history’s earliest republics and drafting the upholding of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took knack and acknowledged the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. in the manner of the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating gone the creation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World war I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World encounter II, but came below doings by the Axis powers in 1940. later liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and future dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the other colonies became independent in the 1960s, behind most retaining near economic and military links later than France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World heritage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving on 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country taking into consideration the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing talent parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs skillfully in international rankings of education, health care, vivaciousness expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good faculty in global affairs, brute one of the five enduring members of the united Nations Security Council gone the aptitude to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading zealot divulge of the European hold and the Eurozone, and a member of the charity of 7, North Atlantic pact paperwork (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and improvement (OECD), the World Trade organization (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of the rivers in france about france com the map above shows the principal rivers of france the four main fleuves rivers that flow to the sea are indicated in violet smaller fleuves and rivieres rivers that are tributaries of other rivers are named in black a map showing the main rivers of france hotels afloat a map showing the main rivers which flow in and through france the most well know are the major rivers such as the seine the rhone and the longest is the loire list of rivers of france wikipedia this is a list of rivers that are at least partially in france the rivers are grouped by sea or ocean the rivers flowing into the sea are sorted along the coast canal river regions detailed navigation guides and maps each waterway page has been compiled and edited by david edwards may waterways consultant and author of inland waterways of france and jenny ruff and founded on the extensive 7 000km of personal experience of the french waterways com team since 2003 map of the french rivers france pub the longest river in france is the loire which flows from the south to the north and then east into the atlantic ocean the river seine has its source in burgundy and then flows through paris to the english chanel category maps of rivers of france wikimedia commons media in category maps of rivers of france the following 66 files are in this category out of 66 total france waterways map eurocanals com waterways of france the french network of waterways includes 100 canals and rivers totaling over 8 000 kilometers there are dozens of possible cruises along a single canal or into other inter connected waterways french rivers a guide to the main rivers in france the garonne passes from west to east across south western france entering the atlantic at bordeaux and is the main exit for streams and rivers in the pyrenees to the south the tarn and the lot rivers are among the tributaries of the garonne the rivers of france about france com the principal rivers of france and other waterways the french have two words for a river a substantial river that flows to the sea is known as une fleuve and all other rivers including all rivers that are tributaries of other rivers are known of as une riviere map of france departments regions cities france map map of france cities map france cities map of france key data administrative divisions france is divided into 27 regions 101 departments 343 districts arrondissements 4 058 townships cantons and 36 699 towns communes