France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories combine French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a comprehensive place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic in imitation of its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and want ad centre. extra major urban areas enhance Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the beginning of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The harmony of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capability in the late middle Ages, subsequently its victory in the Hundred Years’ court case (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capability in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French mayhem overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of highly developed history’s prehistoric republics and drafting the support of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capacity and normal the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. considering the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating taking into account the start of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World raid I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World engagement II, but came below bustle by the Axis powers in 1940. later liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was expected and forward-looking dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately all the other colonies became independent in the 1960s, with most retaining close economic and military connections taking into account France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World origin Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving approaching 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country with the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capacity parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, liveliness expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good capacity in global affairs, brute one of the five remaining members of the joined Nations Security Council next the talent to veto and an approved nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading believer permit of the European devotion and the Eurozone, and a aficionado of the help of 7, North Atlantic treaty handing out (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and progress (OECD), the World Trade management (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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loire valley map plus information loire valley map map of centre val de loire showing the principle towns and cities plus villages with chateau or point of interest centre val de loire france loire valley map france mapcarta the loire valley is a major tourist destination within france the loire valley embraces extensive parts of two central and western french regions renowned for its world famous chateaux such as at amboise montsoreau villandry azay le rideau chambord chateaux du pin and chenonceaux loire valley map travel map for the loire valley located in the heart of france the loire valley is a spectacular region of central france situated on the unesco world heritage site of the loire river loire valley castles map the top seven castles on the map locate loire valley castles on loire valley map amboise azay le rideau chambord cheverny blois amboise chenonceaux loire valley the garden of france is a world heritage site by unesco loire valley area map by provence beyond map of the loire valley area in france with map locations for tours blois orleans chambord angers chenonceaux bourges amboise chinon le mans chaumont sur map of loire valley hotels and attractions on a loire map of loire valley area hotels locate loire valley hotels on a map based on popularity price or availability and see tripadvisor reviews photos and deals guide to the chateaux of the loire valley tripsavvy com the loire valley of france found between the towns of tours and blois offers a fascinating landscape of vineyards forests gardens and stately chateaux singular chateau loire valley chateaux map interactive map loire valley chateaux map click on for more information on individual chateau 10 best chateaux of the loire valley in france spanning over 280 kilometers of the longest river in central france the loire valley or vallee de la loire is home to an astonishing 80 recorded chateaux most of us don t have the time or luxury to visit all 80 of these castles loire valley wikipedia the loire valley french vallee de la loire pronounced vale də la lwaʁ spanning 280 kilometres 170 mi is located in the middle stretch of the loire river in central france in both the administrative regions pays de la loire and centre val de loire