Ireland (/arlnd/ (About this soundlisten); Irish: ire [e] (About this soundlisten); Ulster-Scots: Airlann [rln]) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is separated from great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George’s Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest upon Earth.
Politically, Ireland is divided amongst the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is share of the united Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was more or less 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after good Britain. Just under 4.8 million bring to life in the Republic of Ireland and just over 1.8 million living in Northern Ireland.
The geography of Ireland comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, in imitation of several navigable rivers extending inland. Its lush vegetation is a product of its mild but temperamental climate which is forgive of extremes in temperature. Much of Ireland was woodland until the end of the center Ages. Today, woodland makes happening roughly 10% of the island, compared taking into consideration a European average of beyond 33%, and most of it is non-native conifer plantations. There are twenty-six extant estate physical species original to Ireland. The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and consequently very moderate, and winters are milder than customary for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud cover are abundant.
The prehistoric evidence of human presence in Ireland is obsolete at 10,500 BCE (12,500 years ago). Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century CE. The island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. bearing in mind the 12th century Norman invasion, England claimed sovereignty. However, English believe to be did not extend beyond the collection island until the 16th17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English announce was intended to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was elongated during the 18th century. in the manner of the Acts of union in 1801, Ireland became a allocation of the allied Kingdom. A engagement of independence in the beforehand 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish clear State, which became increasingly sovereign beyond the later than decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a part of the united Kingdom. Northern Ireland wise saying much civil unrest from the tardy 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided with a political attainment in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland allied the European Economic Community even if the joined Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, as share of it, did the same.
Irish culture has had a significant put on on further cultures, especially in the dome of literature. alongside mainstream Western culture, a mighty native culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language. The island’s culture shares many features subsequent to that of good Britain, including the English language, and sports such as membership football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.
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counties of northern ireland wikipedia the counties and county boroughs in terms of governance were abolished in northern ireland in 1972 and replaced with twenty six unitary councils many of which cross county boundaries the six administrative counties and two county boroughs remain in use for some purposes including car number plates detailed map of northern ireland viamichelin ie find any address on the map of northern ireland or calculate your itinerary from or to northern ireland the viamichelin map of northern ireland get the famous michelin maps the result of more than a century of mapping experience detailed map of northern ireland world maps description this map shows cities towns tourist information centers distance between towns main roads secondary roads in northern ireland northern ireland map geography of northern ireland map northern ireland description northern ireland is today a constitutionally distinct region of the united kingdom its story is sad yet promising confusing and understandable what are the six counties of northern ireland the six counties of northern ireland are the counties of antrim fermanagh tyrone down armagh and londonderry these six counties are those that chose to become separate independent entities after opting out of the irish free state in 1922 county fermanagh map northern ireland mapcarta county fermanagh is a largely rural county in the south west of northern ireland and is famed for its numerous lakes county fermanagh belongs to the province of ulster and is one of the six counties that form northern ireland