Ireland (/arlnd/ (About this soundlisten); Irish: ire [e] (About this soundlisten); Ulster-Scots: Airlann [rln]) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is separated from great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George’s Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.
Politically, Ireland is not speaking amongst the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is share of the united Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was very nearly 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after great Britain. Just below 4.8 million enliven in the Republic of Ireland and just on top of 1.8 million bring to life in Northern Ireland.
The geography of Ireland comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, with several navigable rivers extending inland. Its lush vegetation is a product of its mild but moody climate which is forgive of extremes in temperature. Much of Ireland was woodland until the stop of the middle Ages. Today, woodland makes going on not quite 10% of the island, compared past a European average of over 33%, and most of it is non-native conifer plantations. There are twenty-six extant land mammal species indigenous to Ireland. The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and thus unconditionally moderate, and winters are milder than customary for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud lid are abundant.
The dated evidence of human presence in Ireland is pass at 10,500 BCE (12,500 years ago). Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century CE. The island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. past the 12th century Norman invasion, England claimed sovereignty. However, English rule did not extend beyond the total island until the 16th17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English pronounce was expected to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was outstretched during the 18th century. similar to the Acts of bond in 1801, Ireland became a allowance of the associated Kingdom. A dogfight of independence in the upfront 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish release State, which became increasingly sovereign exceeding the once decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a allocation of the joined Kingdom. Northern Ireland saying much civil unrest from the tardy 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided subsequently a embassy taking over in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland allied the European Economic Community though the united Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, as part of it, did the same.
Irish culture has had a significant disturb on further cultures, especially in the auditorium of literature. nearby mainstream Western culture, a strong indigenous culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language. The island’s culture shares many features similar to that of great Britain, including the English language, and sports such as attachment football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.
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history of ireland 800 1169 wikipedia has historiographically speaking fallen between two stools historians of early medieval ireland seeking to conclude their narratives on a high note have traditionally done so after recounting the death of the famous high king brian borama boru at the battle of clontarf in 1014 on the other hand historians of later medieval ireland and the making of britain with map of medieval ireland and the making of britain with map of medieval ireland and britain benedict fitzpatrick isbn 9780526223541 kostenloser versand fur alle bucher mit versand und verkauf duch amazon ireland and the making of britain with map of medieval ireland and the making of britain with map of medieval ireland and britain scholar s choice edition benedict fitzpatrick isbn 9781298288547 kostenloser versand fur alle bucher mit versand und verkauf duch amazon ireland s medieval history authentic ireland travel we have a number of ireland vacations with medieval themes contact us to learn more the word medieval conjures up rich brocades ladies at court fine feasts jousting knights early scientists and a world where magic was still very much alive map of medieval ireland ndisfarne northu bria map of view notes map of medieval ireland from celt 132 at st francis xavier university ndisfarne northu bria map of medieval ireland provinces of ireland commonly used place names secondary places historic maps all island ireland map collections at ireland s history in maps this site uses a basic graphical map of ireland to display thematic information such as bronze age ireland arrival of christianity the viking era plantation and earldoms etc life in elizabethan england shows a basic map of ireland with the territories owned by the gaelic chiefs circa 1500 old maps of northern ireland a map of the county of armagh with the harbours of dundalk and carlingford this is a map of north east ireland dating from 1600 an inset in the lower right hand corner shows the fortification of fort mount norris what are the best castles to see in ireland aran ireland has no shortage of castles there are approximately a thousand castles spread throughout the island though no complete and accurate list exists sounds fantastic there s a snag the majority of ireland s castles lie in ruins castle ruins have their own abandoned ivy covered charm and some ruins are tr early gaelic ireland and medieval ireland early gaelic ireland and medieval ireland early gaelic ireland sometime between about 600 and 150 bc celtic peoples from western europe who came to be known as gaels invaded ireland and subdued the previous inhabitants list of irish kingdoms wikipedia this article lists some of the attested gaelic kingdoms of early medieval ireland prior to the norman invasion of 1169 72 for much of this period the island was divided into numerous clan territories and kingdoms known as tuatha these tuatha often competed for control of resources and thus they continually grew and shrank in both size