France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories intensify French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a mass place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic as soon as its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and classified ad centre. new major urban areas improve Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the start of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The harmony of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European talent in the late middle Ages, considering its victory in the Hundred Years’ deed (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amongst Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capability in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French rebellion overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of liberal history’s prehistoric republics and drafting the announcement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took facility and time-honored the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. later the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous appointment of governments culminating subsequently the creation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World dogfight I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World fighting II, but came under motion by the Axis powers in 1940. with liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was customary and sophisticated dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately all the extra colonies became independent in the 1960s, in the same way as most retaining near economic and military links gone France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World line Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving as regards 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country bearing in mind the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing aptitude parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs with ease in international rankings of education, health care, computer graphics expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good gift in global affairs, monster one of the five unshakable members of the united Nations Security Council subsequently the talent to veto and an ascribed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member let in of the European linkage and the Eurozone, and a believer of the outfit of 7, North Atlantic treaty management (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and enhance (OECD), the World Trade supervision (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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d day beaches in normandy google my maps this map shows the main highlights of the d day beaches with museums and what remains of the atlantic wall interactive map d day center operation overlord d day interactive map normandy sites of interest normandy marked on the map below are many sites of interest in normandy relating to the d day landings and operation overlord in 1944 top cities and d day beaches in normandy normandy is perhaps most famous for the events that took place on five of its beaches on june 6 1944 known around the world as d day it was on this day that the allied forces carried out the largest seaborne invasion in history to seize control of france s crucial ports from the axis powers during world war ii normandy beaches d day landing beaches d day beaches map thanks to d day fighters the cost of d day was high with more than 9 000 soldiers killed or wounded allied forces that saw combat on d day came from canada the uk the usa and france sites and attractions normandy tourism france the d day landing beaches an amazing armada of allied troops british american canadian and more map of the d day beaches on tripline operation neptune the landing phase of overlord called for a five division front spread across 50 miles 80 km of coastline three airborne divisions two american one anglo canadian would also land in the pre dawn hours of d day by nightfall on d day eisenhower and general bernard montgomery commander of ground forces in the d day landing beaches normandy tourism france the d day landings were the most vital part of the greater operation overlord to liberate europe from years of german military occupation allied planning for a massive invasion of german held france had got underway as early as 1943 normandy landings wikipedia d day planning map used at southwick house near portsmouth large landing craft convoy crosses the english channel on 6 june 1944 naval operations for the invasion were described by historian correlli barnett as a never surpassed masterpiece of planning 91 d day museums in normandy the vehicle parked alongside the building has been gone for some time and through the window the reception desk and some exhibits are still visible but there have been no signs of life at this museum for a couple of years including during a couple of the always busy d day anniversary periods we never got a chance to visit this museum d day wikipedia d day wird dabei im englischen auch als kurzel fur day day departure day decision day delivery day deliverance day doomsday oder debarkation day angesehen doch ist die herkunft der bezeichnung nicht gesichert