Europe is a continent located unquestionably in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be estranged from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies physical geography, the land affix is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several times before its first conception in classical antiquity. The division of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which revise on a spectrum rather than past a bright dividing line. The geographic be next to amongst Europe and Asia does not follow any confess boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and united Kingdom are also transcontinental in that the main allocation is in Europe though pockets of their territory are located in other continents.
Europe covers very nearly 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of house area). Politically, Europe is estranged into not quite fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of nearly 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. new from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration epoch marked the stop of ancient chronicles and the arrival of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the liberal era. back the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. amongst the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various era the Americas, in the region of all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French mayhem and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to objector economic, cultural and social modify in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most portion in Europe, contributing to a terminate in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet hold and the joined States took prominence. During the frosty War, Europe was at odds along the Iron Curtain amongst NATO in the West and the Warsaw settlement in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, subsequent to a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, subsequent to the idea of unifying Europe to accomplish common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. further European integration by some states led to the formation of the European grip (EU), a separate embassy entity that lies in the midst of a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward since the fall of the Soviet linkage in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used accompanied by Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes be next to and immigration controls along with most of its member states.
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euratlas periodis web map of europe in year 1300 online historical atlas showing a map of europe at the end of each century from year 1 to year 2000 complete map of europe in year 1300 complete map of europe year 1300 euratlas com historical atlas of europe complete history map of europe in year 1300 showing the major states kingdom of france german kingdom kingdom of hungary rhomania or byzantium crown of castile crown of aragon and kingdom of sicily europe map 1300 mapsof net you can resize this map enter height or width below and click on submit euratlas periodis web map of europe in year 1200 online historical atlas showing a map of europe at the end of each century from year 1 to year 2000 complete map of europe in year 1200 maps for mappers thefutureofeuropes wiki fandom when adding a new map please make sure file type is png or gif or svg for vector maps please make sure you are adding the map in the appropriate category in addition please make sure you are not duplicating a map historical maps of europe edmaps com a collection of historical maps covering the european history from its beginning to our days europe map map of europe facts geography history of europe map europe is the planet s 6th largest continent and includes 47 countries and assorted dependencies islands and territories europe s recognized surface area covers about 9 938 000 sq km 3 837 083 sq mi or 2 of the earth s surface and about 6 8 of its land area europe in the late middle ages 1300 1500 lineage europe at the turn of the 14th century the late middle ages opened as an era of unparalleled crisis in europe as disaster after disaster struck every aspect of european life causing much of the prosperity of the high middle ages to crumble map of europe 1500 ad brilliant maps map created by reddit user yetkinler the map above shows the patchwork of kingdoms principalities bishoprics duchies republics cities sultanates etc in and around europe in 1500 ce ad