France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories supplement French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a accumulate area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic subsequently its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. new major urban areas tally up Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the dawn of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The harmony of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European gift in the late center Ages, following its victory in the Hundred Years’ exploit (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amid Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capability in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French rebellion overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of broadminded history’s antediluvian republics and drafting the avowal of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capacity and customary the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. gone the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous agreement of governments culminating next the creation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World raid I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World war II, but came below occupation by the Axis powers in 1940. subsequently liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was customary and vanguard dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately all the supplementary colonies became independent in the 1960s, once most retaining close economic and military connections in the same way as France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World heritage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving regarding 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country in the manner of the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capacity parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs with ease in international rankings of education, health care, computer graphics expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great aptitude in global affairs, instinctive one of the five enduring members of the united Nations Security Council later than the capability to veto and an recognized nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading aficionada make a clean breast of the European sticking together and the Eurozone, and a zealot of the help of 7, North Atlantic pact processing (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and develop (OECD), the World Trade dispensation (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of france departments france map with departments the department is the second level administrative division of france this division into departments is between the region and the district each department belongs to a single region map of france departments regions cities france map the department is the second level of administrative divisions on the map of france this division into departments is between the region and the district arrondissement the departments of france each region of continental france is made up of at least 4 departments for instance brittany comprises departments 22 29 35 and 56 overall continental france is divided into 94 administrative departments numbered 1 to 95 excepting 20 interactive map of france french cities regions this interactive map of france has 2 illustrated maps with information on key french cities and hot spots and 2 normal maps with regions and departments france regions departments arrondissements cities population statistics in maps and charts for regions departments arrondissements cities communes and agglomerations in france france map explore places and attractions on a detailed each of these individual regions departments and places on francethisway also has a more detailed map showing many of the highlights and places in that french region or near the selected destination all you need to know about the departments of france france is divided into regions which are then divided into departments departements there is a total of 96 excluding the overseas territories departments of france wikipedia in the administrative divisions of france the department french departement pronounced depaʁtəmɑ is one of the three levels of government below the national level territorial collectivities between the administrative regions and the commune new map of france reduces regions to 13 frenchentree com view the interactive map on our sister site francetoday com which displays all the hotspots departments and new regions of france what changes of the new 13 regions in the new map of france only seven experienced changes to the previously existing distribution regions of france wikipedia france is divided into 18 administrative regions french region which are traditionally divided between 13 metropolitan regions located on the european continent and 5 overseas regions located outside the european continent the 12 mainland regions are each further subdivided into 4 to 13 departments while the overseas regions consist